Biological Sciences

Biological Science—BS Curriculum

This page outlines the 2020-21 degree requirements for Biological Sciences—General Biology Concentration. Please contact our academic advisor, Travis, if you have any questions or wish to review your academic plan.

Major Requirements

Required Biology Courses 

BL 1580 - First Year Experience in Biological Sciences

Introduction to fields and career opportunities in the biological sciences.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-1-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Biological Sciences, Biochem & Molec Biology-Bio Sc, Bioinformatics; Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore

BL 1100 - General Biology I: Introduction to Organismal Biology, Ecology, and Evolution

A discussion of the principles of ecology and organismal biology, using the theme of physiological ecology and adaptations. This course will emphasize biodiversity, scientific method, experimental design, and written and oral presentation of results.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall

BL 1110 - General Biology I Laboratory: Introduction to Organismal Biology, Ecology, and Evolution

Covers principles of ecology and organismal biology, using the theme of physiological ecology and adaptations. This course will emphasize biodiversity, scientific method, experimental design, and written and oral presentation of results.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Co-Requisite(s): BL 1100

BL 1200 - General Biology II: Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology

Discussion of the major principles by which life is organized. Topics include scientific methods, biological chemistry, cell structure and organization, multicellular organization, diversity of organisms, energetics and photosynthesis, cellular reproduction genetics, gene structure and expression, and recombinant DNA.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring

BL 1210 - General Biology II Laboratory: Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology

Topics include scientific methods, biological chemistry, cell structure and organization, multicellular organization, diversity of organisms, energetics and photosynthesis, cellular reproduction genetics, gene structure and expression, and recombinant DNA.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Co-Requisite(s): BL 1200

BL 2200 - Genetics

A study of classical and molecular genetics. Topics include one- and two-locus genetics, recombination, gene structure, regulation and function, quantitative and population genetics, and genetic engineering. Covers both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or BE 2400 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 2210 - Genetics Laboratory

A laboratory to complement BL2200. Covers applications of techniques used in genetics, including Mendelian analysis, tetrad analysis, karyotyping, DNA and protein electrophoresis, DNA and plasmid purification, transformation and restriction mapping, and PCR amplification of DNA.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200(C)

BL 3012 - Essential Cell Biology

This course will provide an understanding of cell structure and function with emphasis on eukaryotic cells. Topics include macromolecules, membranes, organelles, cytoskeleton, division, differentiation, cell-cell interactions, intracellular trafficking, protein sorting, cell signaling, and motility.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 3020 - Biochemistry I

Structure, biochemical properties, and function of important biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Introduces enzyme biochemistry (structure, function, catalysis, kinetics, and inhibition).

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): (BL 1020 or BL 1040 or BE 2400) or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) and (CH 2410 or CH 2420)

BL 3190 - Evolution

A study of the patterns and processes of organic evolution. Topics include genetics of populations, mechanisms of deterministic and stochastic genetic change, history of life on earth, biogeography, molecular evolution, units of selection, sexual selection, speciation, and human evolution.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1010 or BL 1040 or (BL 1100 and BL 1110) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 3400 - Principles of Ecology

Study of both accepted and currently debated principles that describe ecological relationships at the organism, population, community, and ecosystem levels.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1010 or BL 1040 or (BL 1100 and BL 1110) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 3782 - Writing Practicum in Biology

Students will develop and improve their skill level in searching for scientific literature, incorporating that into scientific writing, evaluating and incorporating the work of others, and develop critique skills for review of scientific source material and basic statistical methods.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-2-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Biological Sciences, Biochem & Molec Biology-Bio Sc, Bioinformatics; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman

Choose one course (or set) with a lab option

BL 2010 - Anatomy & Physiology l

Comprehensive introductory course in vertebrate anatomy and physiology with emphasis on the human body. Interrelates structure with function in regard to maintaining homeostasis and normal functioning of the body. Covers the integument, skeletal system, muscles, the nervous system, and special senses.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall

BL 2011 - Anatomy & Physiology I Lab

The laboratory to accompany BL2010. Examines embryology, muscle and skeletal anatomy, and neuroanatomy. Explores the physiology of the nervous system, including vision and reflexes and muscle physiology. A student-designed lab project is used to teach experimental design.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2010(C)

BL 2020 - Anatomy & Physiology II

Continuation of BL2010. Covers the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal, and reproductive systems.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2010

BL 2021 - Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

The laboratory to accompany BL2020. Examines the structure and function of the digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, and renal systems. A student-designed lab project is used to teach experimental design.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2011 and BL 2020(C)

BL 2160 - Botany

Covers structure, function, reproduction, and classification of plants and algae, relating these current ecological, agricultural, or other human issues.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring

BL 2170 - Zoology

Biology of animals from first organized multi-cell through Hominids; the origin and evolution of the metazoa phyla, their physiology, development, ecology, behavior, natural history, and systematics.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall

Required Chemistry Courses

CH 1150 - University Chemistry I

Introduces the foundations of chemistry, including electronic structure of atoms and molecules, intermolecular forces, states of matter, chemical reactions, organic chemistry, chemical equilibria, kinetics, and acid-base chemistry. Includes laboratory component that emphasizes lecture components.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Co-Requisite(s): CH 1151
  • Pre-Requisite(s): MA 1031(C) or MA 1032(C) or MA 1120(C) or MA 1160(C) or MA 1161(C) or MA 1135(C) or ALEKS Math Placement >= 56 or CEEB Calculus AB >= 2 or CEEB Calculus BC >= 2 or CEEB Calculus AB Subscore >= 2 or ACT Mathematics >= 22 or SAT MATH SECTION SCORE-M16 >= 540

CH 1151 - University Chemistry Lab I

Laboratory to accompany CH1150.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Co-Requisite(s): CH 1150
  • Pre-Requisite(s): MA 1031(C) or MA 1032(C) or MA 1120(C) or MA 1160(C) or MA 1161(C) or MA 1135(C) or ALEKS Math Placement >= 56 or CEEB Calculus AB >= 2 or CEEB Calculus BC >= 2 or CEEB Calculus AB Subscore >= 2 or ACT Mathematics >= 22 or SAT MATH SECTION SCORE-M16 >= 540

CH 1160 - University Chemistry II

A continuation of CH 1150. Introduces more complex concepts in chemistry, including kinetics, chemical equilibria, acid-base equilibria, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and chemical analysis. Additional topics may include chemistry of the metals and non-metals, biochemical systems, and nuclear chemistry. Includes laboratory component that emphasizes lecture concepts.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Co-Requisite(s): CH 1161
  • Pre-Requisite(s): CH 1112 or (CH 1150 and CH 1151)

CH 1161 - University Chemistry Laboratory II

Laboratory to accompany CH1160.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Co-Requisite(s): CH 1160
  • Pre-Requisite(s): CH 1112 or (CH 1150 and CH 1151)

CH 2410 - Organic Chemistry I

A study of the chemistry of carbon compounds. Review of hybrid orbitals, covalent bonding, and resonance. Introduction to nomenclature, stereochemistry, mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy, functional group chemistry based on reaction mechanisms, and multi-step synthesis.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): CH 1122 or (CH 1160 and CH 1161)

CH 2411 - Organic Chemistry Lab I

Laboratory to accompany CH2410.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): (CH 2410(C) or CH 2430(C)) and CH 1122 or (CH 1160 and CH 1161)

CH 2420 - Organic Chemistry II

Covers more functional group chemistry based on reaction mechanisms; more involved multi-step synthesis; introduction to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; introduction to carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids; and topics of specialized interest.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): CH 2410

CH 2421 - Organic Chemistry Lab II

Laboratory to accompany CH2420.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-4)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): CH 2411 and (CH 2420(C) or CH 2440(C))

Required Math Courses

MA 1135 - Calculus for Life Sciences

Topics include analytic geometry, limits, continuity of functions, transcendental functions, derivatives, integrals, and applications of the derivative in the fields of economics, biological sciences, and socials sciences. Extensive use of graphing calculator. Credit applicable only to those curricula specifying this course.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-4-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following College(s): College of Engineering
  • Pre-Requisite(s): MA 1032 or MA 1031 or MA 1120 or ALEKS Math Placement >= 76 or CEEB Calculus AB >= 2 or CEEB Calculus BC >= 2 or CEEB Calculus AB Subscore >= 2 or ACT Mathematics >= 26 or SAT MATH SECTION SCORE-M16 >= 610

MA 3715 - Biostatistics

Introduction to the design and analysis of statistical studies in the health and life sciences. Topics include study design, descriptive and graphical methods, probability, inference on means, categorical data analysis, and linear regression.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-3-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): MA 1135 or MA 1160 or MA 1161 or MA 1121

Required Physics Courses

PH 1110 - College Physics I

An overview of basic principles of kinematics, dynamics, elasticity, fluids, heat, thermodynamics, mechanical waves, and interference and diffraction of mechanical waves.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following College(s): College of Engineering; May not be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Physics, Construction Management, Surveying Engineering, Electrical Eng Tech, General Technology, Mechanical Engineering Tech, Applied Physics, Computer Network & System Admn
  • Co-Requisite(s): PH 1111
  • Pre-Requisite(s): MA 1031 or MA 1032 or MA 1120 or MA 1135(C) or MA 1160(C) or MA 1161(C) or ALEKS Math Placement >= 76 or CEEB Calculus AB >= 2 or CEEB Calculus BC >= 2 or CEEB Calculus AB Subscore >= 2 or ACT Mathematics >= 26 or SAT MATH SECTION SCORE-M16 >= 610

PH 1111 - College Physics I Laboratory

Experiments covering kinematics, forces, conservation of momentum and energy, waves, and thermodynamics are explored through guided construction. The course provides inquiry-based laboratory experiences for concepts explored in PH1110.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following College(s): College of Engineering; May not be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Physics, Construction Management, Surveying Engineering, Electrical Eng Tech, General Technology, Mechanical Engineering Tech, Applied Physics, Computer Network & System Admn
  • Co-Requisite(s): PH 1110

PH 1210 - College Physics II

An overview of basic principles of static and dynamic electricity and magnetism, electromagnetic waves, reflection and refraction of light, interference and diffraction of light, special theory of relativity, wave theory of matter, particle theory of electromagnetic waves, theory of the atom, the nucleus, and elementary particles.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring, Summer
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following College(s): College of Engineering; May not be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Physics, Construction Management, Surveying Engineering, Electrical Eng Tech, General Technology, Mechanical Engineering Tech, Applied Physics, Computer Network & System Admn
  • Pre-Requisite(s): PH 1200(C) and (PH 1110 or PH 1100)

PH 1200 - Physics by Inquiry II

Experiments covering Coulomb's law, electric and magnetic fields, circuits, induction, and geometric optics are explored through guided construction. The course emphasizes understanding physical concepts through inquiry and the scientific method.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): PH 1100 or PH 1111 or PH 1141 or PH 1161

Major Electives

Choose a minimum of 6 credits in upper-level courses related to cellular and organismal biology. At least one course has to include a lab component.

Cellular Track - choose at least 6 credits

Lab Courses

BL 3210 - General Microbiology

Introduction to the general principles and techniques involved in the study of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Topics include cell structure and function, growth, metabolism, biodiversity, and interaction. Not open to students with credit in BL3310.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 3310 - Environmental Microbiology

General principles of microbiology, focusing on both the use and control of microorganisms. Topics include microbial structure, function, growth, metabolism, and diversity, as well as microbial involvement in water and waste treatment, waterborne diseases, and pollution control. Not open to students with credit in BL3210.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or BL 3080 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 4035 - Bioimaging

Current concepts in light and electron microscopy and scanning probe techniques. Theory and practice of fluorescence (including confocal and multi-photon), atomic force, scanning and transmission electron, and video microscopy as applied to biological specimens with emphasis on sample preparation. Half semester course.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-4-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2010-2011 academic year
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior

BL 4042 - Scanning Electron Microscopy of Biological Specimens

Hands-on training in operation of the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Students prepare biological specimens of their choice for observation. Successful completion of course is prerequisite to becoming a certified SEM operator in the ACMAL. Half semester course.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-2-6)
  • Semesters Offered: On Demand - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2010-2011 academic year
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior
  • Co-Requisite(s): BL 4035

BL 4052 - Fluorescence and Video Microscopy of Biological Specimens

Hands-on training in fluorescence microscopy and video microscopy. Students prepare biological specimens of their choice for observation. Half semester course.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-2-6)
  • Semesters Offered: On Demand
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 4035

BL 4062 - Transmission Electron Microscopy of Biological Specimens

Hands-on training in operation of the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Students prepare biological specimens of their choice for observation. Successful completion of course is prerequisite to becoming a certified TEM operator in ACMAL. Half semester course.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-2-6)
  • Semesters Offered: On Demand
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore, Junior
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 4035

BL 4120 - Environmental Remediation

Toxicology of major environmental pollutants, their dose-response relationships and fundamentals of environmental remediation. Topics include physical, chemical, and biological remediation methods and effect of environmental toxins on biological systems. Laboratory will involve the application of chemical and biological remediation techniques.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2011-2012 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 4153 - Applied Genome Editing

This course offers hands-on training in genome editing design and implementation. Objectives will include knockout, tagging, and targeted mutation of genes in model organisms or cell lines. The history and ethics of genome editing will be discussed.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore, Junior
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200 or FW 3230

BL 4730 - Immunohematology Techniques

Theory and practical applications. Emphasis will be placed on blood antigens and antibodies, compatibility testing techniques, blood component therapy and safety issues.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 4720(C)

BL 4800 - Molecular Diagnostics

This course provides the scientific background behind modern molecular techniques applies in the diagnosis of human diseases. Topics to be covered include nucleic acid structure and function as well as introduction to nucleic acid characterization techniques used in disease diagnosis and genetic disorders.

  • Credits: 5.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200

BL 4840 - Molecular Biology Techniques

Laboratory techniques in molecular biology, including methods of recombinant DNA technology for identification, cloning, and characterization of genes.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (1-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200 and BL 4030(C)

Other Courses

BL 3220 - Medical Mycology and Virology

Study of clinically important fungi and viruses.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3210

BL 3300 - Introduction to Genomics

Introduction to Genomics. Genome organization, mapping and characterization from humans and related organisms. Topics include hierarchical arrangement of genes, genome mapping, molecular markers of physical genome maps, genome sequencing, comparative genomics, analysis of important human genes and their products, and ethical and legal aspects of genomics.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200 or FW 3320

BL 3640 - General Immunology

Investigates the immune defense system that has evolved to protect vertebrates from invading pathogens and cancer. Covers general principals of innate and acquired immunity, immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases, as well as transplantation immunology, and the role of apoptosis in lymphocyte maturation.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Bioinformatics, Medical Laboratory Science, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Biochem & Molec Biology-Bio Sc, Biomedical Engineering, Biological Sciences; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or BL 2020 or BE 2400 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 4020 - Biochemistry II

Dynamic aspects of living systems. Broad exposure to cellular metabolic pathways, intermediary metabolism and its regulation and bioenergetics.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring, Summer
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3020

BL 4030 - Molecular Biology

Molecular biology of gene structure, expression and regulation. Also topics covering various molecular techniques and applications of these techniques and biotechnology.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall, Summer
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) and (BL 3020 or CH 4710)

BL 4038 - Epigenetics

An introduction to the fundamentals of epigenetic control that is not encoded by genomic DNA sequences of an organism. Topics include major regulatory mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modification, and non-coding RNA (ncRNA) mediated gene regulation.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3300 or BL 4030

BL 4070 - Environmental Toxicology

Introduction to the range of anthropogenic pollutants released into the environment. Concepts of bioaccumulation, biomagnification and environmental persistence, modes of toxicity and detoxification, transport and fate in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Toxic equivalent factors and quotients, regulatory guidelines and practices.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or BL 1040 or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) and CH 1150 and CH 1160

BL 4200 - Microbial Physiology

Structure and function of microorganisms, with emphasis on mechanisms for responding to changing environmental and nutritional conditions.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2018-2019 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Level(s): Graduate
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3210 or BL 3310

BL 4300 - Applied Genomics

This course is an overview of techniques involved in genomics including hands-on experience in next-generation sequencing (NGS) platforms, and NGS sequence analysis including de novo assembly, gene annotation, and analysis including comparative genomics, pathway mapping, and core and pan genome analysis.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2019-2020 academic year
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3300

BL 4370 - Advanced Cell Biology

Celebration of the commonalities of life as exhibited in the basic building block of organisms - the cell. Course topics include details of basic genetic mechanisms, cell structure and function, and an examination of cells in their social context.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-3-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200 and CH 2420

BL 4410 - Developmental Biology

The course will cover developmental biology topics from gametogenesis over fertilization, embryonic development to postembryonic development, including aging. Developmental genetics and the evolution of development (evo-devo) are an important component of this course.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200 and (BL 3012(C) or BL 4370(C))

BL 4720 - Hematology and Hemostasis

Theory and laboratory applications. Emphasis will be placed on hematopoiesis, normal and disease states affecting blood cells and coagulation processes. The lab will focus on cell morphology and practical testing applications.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 4730(C)

BL 4752 - Cancer Biology

Emphasis on characteristic genetic, molecular, and cellular changes leading to cancer. Topics will include the role of tumor viruses, oncogenes, tumor suppressors, immortalization, apoptosis, and angiogenesis in cancer initiation and/or progression. Consideration of current therapies and future directions for treatment.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3012 or BL 4370 or BE 2400

Organismal Track - choose at least 6 credits

Lab Courses

BL 3230 - Medical Bacteriology

Study of pathology, identification, isolation and antimicrobic susceptibility testing of clinically important bacteria.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-5)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3210

BL 3780 - Medical Parasitology Laboratory

Stresses the visual identification of common human parasites.

  • Credits: 1.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1710 and BL 2410

BL 3999 - Biological Sciences Field Experience

In this course students will gain intensive field experience in Biological Sciences emphasizing immersion and observation in novel field settings. Students in this course will visit different ecosystems during day and weekend trips that explore aspects of ecology, evolution, community dynamics and human impacts on ecosystems.

  • Credits: variable to 9.0; Repeatable to a Max of 9
  • Semesters Offered: On Demand
  • Restrictions: Permission of instructor required

BL 4036 - Ecology and Evolution of Interactions Between Plants, Herbivores, and Pollinators

Plants, herbivores, and pollinators have played major roles in influencing each others evolutionary diversification. We will examine the ecology and evolution of plant-herbivore-pollinator interactions in basic and applied contexts. A solid foundation of tools in ecology and evolution will be established and class will include lectures and interactive discussions from readings of primary literature. Students will design, conduct, and analyze independent research projects in the lab.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Summer - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2019-2020 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3400 or BL 3190

BL 4090 - Tropical Island Biology

A survey of island biology, including marine and terrestrial habitats. Topics include formation of carbonate islands, geological history of the Bahamas, island plant communities, intertidal, grass bed, mangrove and coral reef communities. Special course fees. Consult department before enrolling. Completion of BL1020 or BL1040 desirable but not necessary.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-2-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: Permission of instructor required

BL 4141 - Algae

The Lake Superior watershed has a rich, diverse, algal flora inhabiting numerous acid bogs, peatlands, ponds, lakes, fens, streams, rivers. This course emphasizes field collections and microscopic identification and includes discussions of algal culture techniques, invasives, blooms, limnology, and algal biotech.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Summer - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2021-2022 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): (BL 1010 or BL 1100 and BL 1110) and (BL 1020 or BL 1200 and BL 1210) or BL 1040 or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) or BL 3080

BL 4145 - Plant-Microbe Interactions

Interactions between plants and microorganisms in the environment. Topics include microbial virulence, signaling, gene expression, beneficial interactions and disease resistance in plants. Laboratory will focus on plant biochemical and microbiological methods as they relate to environmental problems.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-2)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2012-2013 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2200

BL 4421 - Lake Superior Exploration

A field intensive course with significant time spent on a research vessel (R/V Agassiz or other) where students will learn the use of a variety of state-of-the-art techniques to characterize biological communities and measure important physical and biological processes.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (4-0-6)
  • Semesters Offered: Summer - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2018-2019 academic year
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Junior, Senior

BL 4440 - Fish Biology

Fishes and their habitat, native and exotic fishes of the Great Lakes region, and ocean fishery resources will be examined. Basic topics in Ichthyology and fish ecology, evolution, genetics, reproduction strategies and identification of early life stages, fish community structure, food webs and dynamics. Laboratory exercises on sampling, identification and classification of fishes and basic fish anatomy and discussion of scientific papers relevant to the subject material.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2018-2019 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1020 or BL 1040 or (BL 1200 and BL 1210) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 4447 - Stream Ecology

Field course combining river and stream ecosystem and foodweb study with fishes in lake systems. Students will be exposed to research methods used in lakes for comprehensive abiotic and biotic understanding.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Summer - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2019-2020 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1010 or (BL 1100 and BL 1110) or BL 1040 or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) or BL 3400

BL 4450 - Limnology

The study of biological, physical, and chemical processes of freshwater eco systems using a watershed perspective, with emphasis on local lakes.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore

BL 4550 - Clinical Chemistry

A study of clinical biochemistry of the human body. Theory and practical applications used in routine analysis of body fluids. Includes the study of electrolyte balance, acid base balance, and the functions of major organs and systems.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Clinical Laboratory Science, Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2020 and BL 3640

Other Courses

BL 3010 - General Entomology

A study of the form, function, and diversity of insects along with their relationship to humans as pests and disease vectors and their role in the natural world.

  • Credits: 4.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-3)
  • Semesters Offered: On Demand
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1010 or BL 1040 or (BL 1100 and BL 1110) or (BL 1400 and BL 1410)

BL 3044 - Advanced Human Physiology

A course for students interested in health careers or human biology. This course will cover advanced topics in the human circulatory, digestive, endocrine, integumentary, lymphatic, muscular, nervous, renal, reproductive, respiratory, and skeletal systems.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2019-2020 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2020

BL 4034 - Community Ecology and Evolutionary Dynamics

This is an advanced course that looks at the study of ecology and evolutionary biology at the community level: how populations interact with the abiotic environment and each other to determine patterns of diversity, distribution, and abundance of plants and animals.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2014-2015 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3400 and BL 3190

BL 4044 - Human Pathophysiology

Course will cover abnormal function (physiology) and investigate the signs and symptoms of major diseases in humans. Extension of Anatomy & Physiology by working through the systems of the human body. Course will include a clinical focus and case-study approach.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2020-2021 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2010 and BL 2020

BL 4140 - Plant Physiology

Physiology and biochemistry of plants. Emphasizes photosynthesis, plant hormones, water and nutrient relations, and light-regulated development.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2005-2006 academic year
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2160 and CH 2420

BL 4380 - Cardiopulmonary Physiology

Using a problem-based learning approach, course examines the physiology of the human body. In-class case-study analyses provide in-depth learning about the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems and their relationship with other organ systems. Promotes development of problem-solving skills.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2020

BL 4461 - Ecosystem Ecology

Study of processes in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, including energy flow, ecosystem production, and nutrient cycling. We will explore these processes through a historical overview of influential research programs and regional to global case studies.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (0-3-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring - Offered alternate years beginning with the 2011-2012 academic year
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 3400 and CH 1122 or (CH 1160 and CH 1161)

BL 4465 - Biological Oceanography

An overview of ocean environments and marine life. Topics include: trophic level interactions, nutrient cycling, ecology of plankton, invertebrates, fish, mammal and bird resources, and human influences on marine ecosystems. Will cover basic water chemistry and light in oceans.

  • Credits: 3.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (3-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Spring
  • Restrictions: May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 1010 or (BL 1100 and BL 1110) or BL 1040 or (BL 1400 and BL 1410) or BL 3080

BL 4640 - Clinical Immunology & Serology

Integrates basic and clinical immunological principles as well as outlines the diagnosis and evaluation of immune disorders and selected infectious diseases.

  • Credits: 2.0
  • Lec-Rec-Lab: (2-0-0)
  • Semesters Offered: Fall
  • Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Medical Laboratory Science, Biological Sciences; May not be enrolled in one of the following Class(es): Freshman, Sophomore
  • Pre-Requisite(s): BL 2410 and BL 3640

Free Electives

Choose 17-18 free elective credits. Free electives are any class that is 1000-level or higher, but are not co-curricular courses. Consider choosing these credits carefully to earn a minor!

General Education

General Education is an important and required component of every Michigan Tech degree. Students are required to take 12 credits within the core general education courses and 12 credits within humanities, arts, and social sciences. In addition every Michigan Tech student is required to take 3 credits of co-curricular activities; these credits are required for graduating, but not included in the GPA calculations or in the overall credits required for the degree. Read more details about the general education requirements on the Registrar's Office website.