Center for Cyber-Physical Systems

The Center for Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) addresses the close interactions and feedback loop between the embedded cyber components for computing and control and the dynamic physical components that involve mechanical components, human activities and surrounding environments. Example CPS systems include automotive and transportation systems, smart homes, buildings and communities, smart battery and energy systems, surveillance systems, cyber-physical biochips, and wearable devices. The recent advances of manufacturing technologies, system integrations and software platforms bring enormous challenges and opportunities for CPS design and implementation.

The purpose of the CPS research center is to bring together researchers spanning different departments at Michigan Tech to stimulate the discussion and collaboration in publications and proposals related to the CPS research.

Center Director

Chee-Wooi Ten

  • Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Affiliated Professor, Applied Computing
  • PSERC Site Director and ICC CPS Center Director

Center Members

Hongyu An

  • Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Affiliated Assistant Professor, Computer Science
  • Affiliated Assistant Professor, Biomedical Engineering

Links of Interest

Courses Taught

  • EE 4271 VLSI Design

Areas of Interest

  • Neuromorphic Engineering/Computing
  • Energy-efficient Neuromorphic Electronic Circuit Design for Artificial Intelligence
  • Emerging Nanoscale Device Design
  • Spiking Neural Networks

Sajjad Bigham

  • Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics
  • Lou and Herbert Wacker Professorship in Mechanical Engineering

Areas of Expertise

  • Heat Transfer and Thermal Management
  • Multiphase Flows and Phase-change Phenomena
  • Energy Systems
  • Micro- and Nano-fabrication Techniques

Research Interests

  • Microscale Heat Transfer
  • Microscale Physics of Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer
  • Interfacial Transport Phenomena at Extreme Temperatures and Pressures
  • Multiphase Systems under Harsh Operating Conditions
  • HVAC&R Systems
  • Desalination Systems
  • Micro- and Nano-engineered Materials
  • Energy Conversion and Storage Devices

Bo Chen

  • Professor, Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics
  • Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Areas of Expertise

  • Mechatronics and embedded systems
  • Agent Technology
  • Monitoring and control networks
  • Hybrid electric vehicles
  • Smart grid

Research Interests

  • Modeling and control of hybrid electric vehicles
  • EV-smart grid integration
  • Distributed monitoring and control
  • Battery control for HEV and energy storage systems
  • IC engine management systems
  • Sensor information fusion

Flavio Bezerra Costa

  • Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Areas of Interest

  • Smart Grid
  • Integration of Renewable Energy Systems
  • Power System Protection, Control, and Monitoring
  • Power Quality
  • Power Systems and Power Electronics
  • AC/DC Microgrids
  • High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Electric Power Transmission Systems
  • Application of Signal Processing in Power Systems
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence, including Machine Learning, in Power Systems

Ana Dyreson

  • Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics

Research Interests

  • Grid integration under high penetrations of wind and solar energy
  • Drought and heat impacts on power systems
  • Thermal power plant modeling
  • Hybrid power plant value propositions
  • Electricity load modeling

Zhen Liu, PE

  • Associate Professor, Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering
  • Affiliated Associate Professor, Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences

Teaching Interests

  • Soil mechanics and labs
  • Foundation engineering
  • Numerical simulations (FEM, FDM)
  • Multiphysics
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Data analytics in engineering

Research Interests

  • Intelligent infrastructure systems enabled by computing (AI, hybrid computing), sensing (acoustic, electromagnetic), and control (distributed systems with microcontrollers) for smart cities and safer, more (energy) efficient, and more resilient built environments
  • Enhancing system resilience with artificial intelligence (deep and reinforcement learning), physics (multiphysics and inverse analysis), and advanced data analytics (with transportation, meteorological, and GIS data)
  • Multiphysics and applications: thermohydromechanics (seasonal and climatic effects, material/environment processes, energy from gas hydrates), buoyance-driven flow (surface water geothermal), electromagnetics (sensing and sensors, energy harvesting), and soil-structure-fluid interaction (erosion and infrastructure protection)
  • Advanced soil mechanics and numerical simulation techniques: stress formulation, soil wetting, adsorption, non-isothermal soil mechanics, phase change, and soil behavior under extreme conditions; FEM, FDM, FVM, XFEM, molecular dynamics, SPH, Monte Carlo, and self-made methods.

Junqiao Qiu

  • Assistant Professor, Computer Science

Links of Interest

Faculty Webpage

Research Focus

  • Parallel Computing
  • Programming Systems 
  • Compiler Optimization

Elena Semouchkina

  • Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Affiliated Professor, Physics

Areas of Interest

  • Resonance phenomena in complex media: metasurfaces, metamaterials, and photonic crystals
  • Computational electromagnetic analysis
  • Electromagnetic cloaking
  • High-contrast materials integration for electronic and photonic systems
  • Materials and device characterization at microwaves

Zhaohui Wang

  • Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Links of Interest

Areas of Interest

  • Communications
  • Signal processing
  • Communication networks
  • Network security
  • Emphasis on underwater acoustic applications

Kuilin Zhang

  • Associate Professor, Civil, Environmental, and Geospatial Engineering
  • Affiliated Associate Professor, Computer Science

Links of Interest

Teaching Interests

  • Transportation Network Analysis
  • Traffic Flow Theory
  • Travel Demand Analysis
  • Transportation Systems Operations and Control
  • Transportation Planning
  • Traffic Engineering
  • Optimization Methods

Research Interests

  • Data-driven optimization and control models for connected and automated vehicles (CAVs)
  • Big traffic data analytics using machine learning
  • Mobile and crowd sensing of dynamic traffic systems
  • Dynamic network equilibrium and optimization
  • Modeling and simulation of large-scale complex systems
  • Freight logistics and supply chain systems
  • Impact of plug-in electric vehicles to smart grid and transportation network systems
  • Interdependency and resiliency of large-scale networked infrastructure systems
  • Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs)
  • Smart Cities
  • Cyber-Physical Systems

Lan (Emily) Zhang

  • Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Affiliated Assistant Professor, Computer Science

Links of Interest


  • EE/CS 5821 Computational Intelligence
  • EE4723 Network Security
  • EE4370 IoT Application and Design

Areas of Interest

  • Wireless Communications (e.g., RIS, mmWave, CPS, industrial-IoT)
  • Big Data (e.g., machine learning, smart transportation, eHealth)
  • Cybersecurity and Privacy (e.g., IoT/CPS, learning pipeline, blockchain)