Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology

Sleep Research Lab

Our laboratory is equipped with gold-standard technology including polysomnography to measure various sleep related electroencephalography and nocturnal breathing patterns, overnight beat-to-beat blood pressure patterns via finger plethysmography, and end-tidal and transcutaneous carbon dioxide levels.


  • Phone: 906-487-1310
  • Location: SDC P105

Current Research

Currently, we are interested in examining the objective sleep quality in a variety of acute and chronic conditions including:

  • Binge Alcohol Consumption
  • Chronic Insomnia
  • Individuals with diagnosed Parkinson's Disease
  • Blue Light Therapy

Current research is aimed at understanding the effect of acute binge alcohol consumption on nocturnal and early morning neurovascular control in male and female binge drinkers. An important unknown is whether the sex steroids of the ovarian cycle influence alcohol metabolism and the potential relation to autonomic function. In collaboration with Michigan Tech’s Integrative Physiology Laboratory, the Sleep Research Laboratory is equipped with microneurography, the only direct technique to measure post-ganglionic neural activity in humans.

In addition to polysomnograms to study sleep and microneurography to measure neural activity, researchers utilize wrist actigraphy, home sleep apnea screening devices, urine refractometry, numerous sleep related questionnaires, and psychomotor testing.

Taken together, we hope to determine the potential relation between neurovascular control and insomnia. This study is being conducted in collaboration with the University of Chicago.

Support This Lab

Undergraduate and graduate research opportunities are made possible in part by the generosity of donors and alumni.


John J. Durocher

  • Associate Professor, Biological Sciences
  • Affiliated Associate Professor, Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology

Research Interests

  • Clinical and Applied Human Physiology
  • Autonomic Regulation of Arterial Blood Pressure
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Mindfulness and Cardiovascular Health
  • Physiological Responses to Stress and Exercise
  • Specificity of Exercise Testing and Prescription

Carl Smoot

  • Director of Sleep Research Laboratory, Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology
  • Research Scientist and Board Certified Sleep Physician

Anne Tikkanen

  • Research Study Coordinator
  • Registered Nurse


  • Registered Polysomnographic Technologist, American Association of Sleep Technologists, 1998 
  • Registered Respiratory Therapist, National Board for Respiratory Care, 1992

Student Researchers

Jeremy Bigalke

Jeremy Bigalke

  • PhD Candidate, Integrative Physiology

Research Interests

  • Sleep Physiology
  • Neural Control of Cardiovascular Function
  • Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease
  • Functions of the Orexin System
  • Pathophysiology of Insomnia


  • MS, Kinesiology, Michigan Technological University, 2019
  • BS, Physiology, Michigan State University, 2017
Ian Greenlund

Ian Greenlund

  • PhD Candidate, Integrative Physiology

Research Interests

  • Neurovascular Control of Blood Pressure
  • Sleep and Autonomic Physiology
  • Sex as a Key Biological Variable
  • Mechanisms of Hypertension
  • Arterial Stiffness
  • Sleep Restriction and Deprivation Models 


  • MS, Biological Sciences, Michigan Technological University, 2018
  • BS, Biological Sciences, Michigan Technological University, 2016