Accounts Payable is responsible for accurate and timely payment of all invoices for the University. This includes all payments on purchase orders, blanket purchase orders, check requests, travel advances and travel expense reports, petty cash, freight bills, and fellowship payments.
Invoices for purchase order items should be received directly by Accounts Payable. If received by departments, in lieu of sending the documents through campus mail, the invoices can be sent to Accounts Payable by fax (7-2119), emailed as a tif/tiff document to email@example.com, or uploaded. Approved blanket order invoices can be forwarded using any of these methods, also. For additional information see Department Receipt of Vendor Invoice.
Accounts Payable processes direct deposit payments daily and checks are cut once a week. Employees and students are encouraged to sign up to receive payments such as travel and supply reimbursements via direct deposit. The Non-payroll direct deposit is separate from the Payroll direct deposit.
Payment Policies and Procedures
The following policies and procedures are guidelines for processing all expenditure documents through Accounts Payable. These guidelines apply to both purchase-order and non-purchase-order items and pertain to all University employees and departments, regardless of the index to be charged; the responsibility to observe them is that of both the employee and the department dean/director/chair who approves such expenditures.
Individuals submitting payment requests or approving invoices must ensure that all payments are supported by proper documentation. Itemized invoices or receipts which include the payee name and address, date of purchase, a description of each item purchased, price of each item and a total cost must be provided. If reimbursement is being requested, proof of payment is required.
Expenditures on Sponsored Projects are reviewed and approved by Sponsored Programs Accounting to ensure the reasonableness, allocability and allowability of costs charged to Sponsored Projects. Charging Expenditures information: https://www.mtu.edu/research/sponsored-programs/accounting/post-award-management/charging-expenditures/
If you cannot find information that relates to your situation or if you need interpretative assistance, contact the General/Auxiliary Accounting area.
Wire Transfers and Bank Drafts in Foreign Currency
Accounts Payable processes wire transfers and bank drafts when vendors require payment in foreign currency.
- The department initiates a purchase order or check request and supporting documentation (e.g., invoice and registration forms) indicating payment in foreign currency.
- If requesting a wire transfer, complete the International Wire Transfer (Out) form and attach it with supporting documentation.
- If requesting a bank draft, please submit a week prior to the date the check is needed to allow adequate processing time.
- There will be an additional charge to the index referenced on the purchase order/check request for these services.
Business Meal Reimbursements
Campus Store Purchase Orders
The Campus Bookstore and University Images issue purchase orders directly to vendors due to the nature of their business; this method is practical and efficient, since the items being ordered are for retail sales. Invoices are entered into the point-of-sale system and the information is transferred to Accounts Payable to make payments.
Cash Banks are used for the operation of cash registers and drawers throughout campus, providing change when needed.
Exemption from Sales/Use Tax
Michigan Technological University, as an institution of the State of Michigan, is exempt from the payment of sales and use taxes on purchases of tangible property and applicable rentals. However, the University is liable for the collection and payment of the tax on sales and rental transactions to non-exempt individuals and organizations.
Use of the University's sales and use tax number for personal use is prohibited.
Generally payment or reimbursement of Michigan sales and use tax will not be made. The University is also exempt from the payment of sales tax in Wisconsin and Florida.
Fellowship checks are distributed monthly by Accounts Payable and available at the beginning of each month.
- Departments enter student fellowship information into the Banner system by the 11th
of each month. The registration status, index and any withholding requirements are
verified by Financial Services and Operations.
- The University is required by federal law to withhold taxes on fellowships payments to some nonresident alien students depending on their visa status and tax treaties. The withholding requirements are determined by the University tax accountant.
- Accounts Payable distributes the fellowship checks to the departments. They are normally available on the 24th of the month. Check requests may also be processed for fellowship payments.
Library Purchase Order Payments
The Van Pelt and Opie Library issues purchase orders directly to vendors due to the unique nature of the items being purchased, e.g., books, journals, subscriptions, periodicals. Accounts Payable receives the invoices from the library and processes them for payment.
Payment of Freight Invoices
Accounts Payable receives and pays freight invoices.
When items are being returned, it is essential for the department to instruct the carrier to include a University index, purchase order number, or employee name on the freight bill. If a freight bill does not include an index or purchase order number, it is extremely difficult to process the invoice for payment.
If prepayment is required, a check request must be received in Accounts Payable at a minimum of five business days prior to the check being needed.
Payment of Moving Expenses
The University may reimburse allowable house-hunting and moving expenses to new, regular, full-time faculty and staff with a maximum amount of up to one month’s salary. Current employees who are assigned to a remote work area on behalf of the University may also be reimbursed for allowable moving expenses up to $6,000.
To be reimbursed, follow the procedures for house hunting and moving.
Payment of Non-Purchase-Order Expenses (Check Requests)
Certain items can be purchased without a university purchase order. Items listed below are generally paid via a check request.
- Conference/seminar registration fees*
- Honorariums (attach appropriate Honorarium form to the check request)
- Inter-library loan
- Lodging expenses for non-employees*
- Royalty payments
- Agency fund expenditures (student organizations/payroll deductions)
*Use of the Purchasing Card is encouraged for these items.
Note: If access to the Check Request form is needed, fill out a Request for Access form.
Stop Payment/Canceled Check
Occasionally checks may be lost, stolen or incorrect which requires a stop payment and reissue of the check. Accounts Payable is responsible for issuing a replacement check.
Departments requiring a stop payment on an operating/accounts payable (non-payroll) check should contact the Manager of Auxiliary Funds and Banking Operations immediately upon realizing a check is lost or stolen. If a stop payment is required on a payroll check, Payroll Services must be contacted.
Financial Services and Operations processes the stop payment with the bank and reissues a replacement check, if necessary.
Accounts Payable is also responsible for maintaining the check cancellation function. If a check must be canceled due to an inaccurate amount, an incorrect vendor name, or an incorrect address and a replacement is not needed, the check must be sent to Accounts Payable with a note indicating the check must be canceled.
Travel Advances and Reimbursements
Individuals traveling on University business may be reimbursed for necessary and reasonable expenses incurred. See University travel procedures.
A department may establish a petty cash fund to purchase minor supplies. A check request and original receipt must be sent to Accounts Payable for replenishment of petty cash funds.
Further information on the establishment, administration, and discontinuance of petty cash funds follows:
Petty Cash Funds
This section describes the policies and procedures relating to the establishment, administration, and discontinuance of petty cash funds.
Petty Cash Custodian: The employee in a department who has been authorized to make payments from a petty cash fund and who is directly responsible for the administration of the fund.
Security of Petty Cash Funds
Department Chairs/Directors are responsible for the proper safeguarding of petty cash monies entrusted to their departments. Cash and receipts for unreimbursed expenditures must be kept in a locked container such as a fire-proof file cabinet, safe, or other suitable device to which unauthorized access is difficult.
The petty cash custodian is personally responsible for the cash which was specifically issued to him/her. Therefore, access to the fund must be limited to the custodian.
Establishing a Petty Cash Fund
A petty cash fund may be established in a department to improve the efficiency of departmental operations. These funds are available to purchase minor items when it would be otherwise impractical to purchase items through the usual purchasing methods.
These funds are subject to periodic audits. Recurring audit findings may result in the petty cash fund being revoked.
The custodian is responsible for ensuring the cash on hand and receipts equal the authorized amount of the fund at all times. Petty cash funds must be kept separate from change funds, cash drawers, personal funds, and any other collected revenue.
The Department Chair/Director submits the following items to Financial Services and Operations at firstname.lastname@example.org for approval:
- A completed and signed Cash Bank Custodian Agreement.
- A check request payable to the designated fund custodian in the amount requested. The check request should include the department name and be signed by the Department Chair/Director.
The department custodian will receive a check payable to him/herself and the current petty cash procedures. Petty cash checks may be cashed at the Cashiers' Office.
Petty Cash Fund Purchases
Disbursements from petty cash funds must be properly documented and for a valid University business purpose.
The University does not reimburse Michigan sales tax. Therefore, to save time and confusion, it is wise to obtain the University's sales tax number from the petty cash custodian before making a purchase. Use of the University sales tax number when purchasing items for other than University purposes is prohibited and may result in disciplinary action.
Petty cash funds may NOT be used for the following:
- Items/receipts in excess of $200.00.
- Payment of sales or excise taxes on any purchases within Michigan since Michigan Technological University is a tax exempt organization and does not reimburse Michigan sales tax. The University is also tax exempt in Wisconsin and Florida.
- Cashing of personal checks or providing personal loans.
- Purchases which are required to be reported in a specific manner such as, but not limited to, personnel services, travel expenses, payroll advances, and business meals.
- Purchase of items which are prohibited under petty cash procedures:
- alcoholic beverages and tobacco
- animals (laboratory)
- automotive repairs (accident related)
- controlled substances
- cylinder gases and liquid nitrogen
- hazardous materials
- hospitality expenses greater than $5, such as meals or entertainment
- leases and rentals
- maintenance agreements
- Michigan sales tax
- personal items
- any items that are intended to be used or consumed by University Employees on or off campus for other than University use.
- professional services
- renovations or remodeling (on campus)
- seminars and memberships
- telephones and cell phones
- university letterhead, business cards, and envelopes
- weapons and ammunition
Financial Services and Operations has the authority to make exceptions to the above list when special or unusual circumstances apply. Approval for exceptions must be received prior to purchasing items listed above.
An employee purchasing items using petty cash funds does the following:
- Obtains prior approval from the Department Chair/Director, supervisor, or fund custodian.
- Obtains, when necessary, the University sales tax number from the petty cash custodian since Michigan sales tax is not reimbursable.
- Obtains, when necessary, a petty cash advance from the fund custodian. The advance
is provided to the employee only to purchase legitimate petty cash items. Each time
an advance is given, the custodian must maintain the following information:
- the amount of the advance
- the date
- the purpose
- the recipient
- the recipient's signature
- Makes the purchase, paying for the item with personal monies or with the petty cash advance and obtains an itemized receipt or cash register sales slip.
- Presents the original sales receipt or cash register sales slip to the petty cash
custodian. The receipt(s) must include:
- description of the item(s)
- date of purchase
- place of purchase
- itemized amounts
- signature of purchaser
- Receives reimbursement for the purchase from the petty cash custodian when personal monies are used or returns any unused portion of the petty cash advance to the petty cash custodian immediately after the purchase is made.
Replenishment of Petty Cash Fund
Replenishment of the petty cash fund should be done on a timely basis but will vary by department. All petty cash funds must be reimbursed at least quarterly during the fiscal year, regardless of the dollar amount to be reimbursed. In addition, all funds should be replenished at the fiscal year end so there are no outstanding receipts as of June 30.
The petty cash reimbursement request for the amount to be reimbursed must be completed and emailed to Accounts Payable at email@example.com along with a copy of the original receipts. Keep original receipts for seven days in case the emailed copy is not readable.
The reimbursement request should include the following:
- Name, Department, and identification number of the fund custodian
- Date of each receipt
- Banner index and account code to be charged
Each receipt should be listed individually with the index, account code, and amount included. The Fund Custodian signature and Dean Chair/Director or higher signature must also be completed.
A reconciliation of the petty cash fund must be done on a regular basis. Complete the Petty Cash/Change Fund Reconciliation Form to insure the receipts plus cash on hand is equal to the amount of the authorized petty cash fund.
If receipts plus cash on hand are less than the authorized amount, this is an overage and must be deposited in the Cashier's office crediting the original index with an account code of E909, cash over/short.
If the receipts plus cash on hand are less than the authorized amount, this is a shortage. If the amount is significant, it should be reported to Public Safety immediately for investigation. If the amount is less than $25, report this on your petty cash reimbursement request, charging the original index with an account code of E909, cash over/short.
Transferring Petty Cash Fund Custodianship
The Department Chair/Director is responsible for reporting any changes in petty cash custodians to Financial Services and Operations.
- When a new custodian is to take charge of a petty cash fund, the current custodian must count the fund and verify it is equal to the authorized amount by filling out a Petty Cash Reconciliation Form. Likewise, the new custodian must also count and verify the fund before they conduct any new transactions.
- Complete the Cash Bank Custodian Agreement indicating a transfer of custodianship and send to Financial Services and Operations at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Accounts Payable will not reimburse a petty cash custodian unless the name is on file as the current custodian.
Increasing/Decreasing/Closing Petty Cash Funds
Increasing a petty cash fund
When additional petty cash funds are needed, the Department Chair/Director sends a memorandum to Financial Services and Operations at email@example.com justifying the increase. Submit a check request payable to the fund custodian in the amount of the requested increase.
Decreasing a petty cash fund
A petty cash fund should be reduced if the amount of the fund exceeds the actual needs of the department. The amount which is no longer needed should be deposited at the Cashiers' Office, crediting the original index with an account code of A001, along with a memo indicating the fund is being decreased.
Closing a petty cash fund
When a petty cash fund is no longer needed, the fund custodian should replenish the fund to the authorized amount. This amount must then be returned to the Cashiers' Office, crediting the original index with an account code of A001, indicating the fund is being closed.
Petty cash funds must NEVER be deposited into a revenue account code.