- EERC 612
- Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
- Affiliated Professor, Applied Computing
- PSERC Site Director and ICC CPS Center Director
- PhD, Electrical Engineering, University College Dublin
- MSc, Electrical Engineering, Iowa State University
- BSc, Electrical Engineering, Iowa State University
The fourth industrial revolution enables endless possibilities in today's Interdisciplinarity. In the context of resiliency, the establishment of emerging platforms catalyzes transdisciplinary research. Particularly, the coupled interdependencies of power grid and transportation can be revived by addressing the tradeoff between energy efficiency, associated safety and security, i.e, reconfigurability and sustainability. Dr. Ten's primary interests in research focus on quantifying rare events based on system risk models (stochastic graph and combinatorics) with statistical establishment in data science. He was born in Alor Setar, Malaysia. He received a BS and an MS in Electrical Engineering from Iowa State University, in Ames, in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Before completing his Master's degree, he had a summer internship with MidAmerican in Des Moines, working as an energy management system (EMS) analyst. He was a SCADA Application Engineer with Siemens Energy Management and Information System (SEMIS) in Singapore from 2002 to 2006. He then received a PhD in 2009 from University College Dublin (UCD), National University of Ireland. He has been with Michigan Tech since January 2010 and had been tenured in 2016. Chee-Wooi served as an editor for the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid and remains as editor for the Elsevier Journal Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks (SEGAN).
Links of Interest
- Circuit/graph theory
- Steady-state and dynamics of bulk power systems
- Cyber-informed security engineering
Areas of Research Interest
Discipline: Power systems engineering
- Power grid cybersecurity
- Smart home and robotic technologies
- Attack/defense combinatorics
- Chee-Wooi Ten and Yachen Tang, "Distribution Emergency Operation," CRC Press. Sep. 2018.
- Chee-Wooi Ten and Yonghe Guo, "Cybersecurity of Distribution Devices and Systems," in the Smart Grid Handbook, edited by Chen-Ching Liu, Stephen McArthur, and Seung-Jae Lee. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016, pp. 891-904. <10.1002/9781118755471.SGD011>
- Nathan Lau, Hao Wang, Chee-Wooi Ten, and Ryan Gerdes, "Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition," In A. Moallem (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction in Cybersecurity Handbook. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.
- Zhiyuan Yang, Shipeng Zhang, Chee-Wooi Ten, Ting Liu, Hao Sun, and Xueyue Pang, “Implementation of Risk-Aggregated Substation Testbed Using Generative Adversarial Networks.” (Accepted on July 6, 2022) IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.
- Pikkin Lau, Lingfeng Wang, Wei Wei, Zhaoxi Liu, and Chee-Wooi Ten, “A Novel Mutual Insurance Model for Hedging Against Cyber Risks in Power Systems Deploying Smart Technologies.” (Accepted on March 19, 2022) IEEE Transactions on Power Systems <1109/TPWRS.2022.3164628>.
- Koji Yamashita, Zhiyuan Yang, Chee-Wooi Ten, Soummya Kar, and Andrew Ginter, “Cascading Verification and Mitigation Initiated by the Switching Attacks through Compromised Digital Relays.” IET Smart Grid (Open Access). <10.1049/stg2.12062>
- Diego Aponte, Chee-Wooi Ten, Wayne Weaver, “Estimation of Affected Customers and Load Loss Under Wind Storms in the Caribbean Region.” (Accepted on September 14, 2021) IEEE Systems Journal (to appear). <10.1109/JSYST.2021.3113814>
- Pikkin Lau, Lingfeng Wang, Zhaoxi Liu, Wei Wei, and Chee-Wooi Ten, “A Coalitional Cyber-Insurance Design Considering Power System Reliability and Cyber Vulnerability” (Accepted on April 26, 2021) IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. <10.1109/TPWRS.2021.3078730>
- Junho Hong, Ramya Karnati, Chee-Wooi Ten, Soonwoo Lee, and Sungsoo Choi, “Implementation of Secure Sampled Value (SeSV) Message in Substation Automation System” (Accepted on February 18, 2021) To appear in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. <10.1109/TPWRD.2021.3061205>
- Zhaoxi Liu, Wei Wei, Lingfeng Wang, Chee-Wooi Ten, and Yeonwoo Rho, “An Actuarial Framework for Power System Reliability Considering Cybersecurity Threats.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 851-864, Mar. 2021. <10.1109/TPWRS.2020.3018701>
- Pikkin Lau, Wei Wei, Lingfeng Wang**, Zhaoxi Liu, and Chee-Wooi Ten, “A Cybersecurity Insurance Model for Power System Reliability Considering Optimal Defense Resource Allocation.” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 4403- 4414, Sep. 2020. <10.1109/TSG.2020.2992782>
- Koji Yamashita, Chee-Wooi Ten, Yeonwoo Rho, Lingfeng Wang, Wei Wei, and Andrew Ginter, “Measuring Systemic Risk of Switching Attacks based on Cybersecurity Technologies in Substations,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 4206-4219, Nov. 2020 <10.1109/TPWRS.2020.2986452>
- Zhiyuan Yang, Yun Liu, Meghan Campbell, Chee-Wooi Ten, Yeonwoo Rho, Lingfeng Wang, and Wei Wei, “Premium Calculation for Insurance Businesses Based on Cyber Risks in IP-Based Power Substations.” IEEE Access, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 78890-78900, Dec. 2020 <10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2988548>
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Co-PI) with University of California—Riverside, “Discovery of Signatures, Anomalies, and Precursors in Synchrophasor Data with Matrix Profile and Deep Recurrent Neural Networks,” Department of Energy (DoE) DE-FOA-0001861, 9/1/2019 – 3/31/2021, $100,000 (MTU) of $999,415.
- Roman Sidortsove (PI) and Chelsea Schelly (Co-PI), Qingli Dai (Senior Personnel), Timothy J. Scarlett (Senior Personnel), Chee-Wooi Ten (Senior Personnel), David W. Watkins (Senior Personnel), “Enhancing Electrical Grid and Community Resilience through Repurposing Decommissioned Mines into Underground Pumped Storage Facilities,” Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 1/1/2019—12/31/2019, Total Amount: $76,443 (including cost share), requested amount from the foundation $49,963.
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Lead PI) and Yeonwoo Rho, “CPS: Medium: Collaborative Research: An Actuarial Framework of Cyber Risk Management for Power Grid,” National Science Foundation, Sep. 1, 2017 – Aug. 31, 2020. Total Amount: $348,866 of $700,975 with University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee.
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Co-PI), Laura Brown, and Wayne Weaver, “Collaborative Research: CRISP Type 2: Revolution through Evolution: A Controls Approach to Improve How Society Interacts with Electricity,” National Science Foundation, Oct. 1, 2015 – September 30, 2019. Total Amount: $699,796 of $2.5M with other 3 universities and 1 company (My portion: $235,368).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Co-PI), Wayner Weaver, and Gordon Parker, “Modeling and Control Technologies for Near-Term and Long-Term Networked Microgrids,” Department of Energy subcontracted through Argonne National Laboratory, Sep. 1, 2013 – August 31, 2014. Total Amount: $255,465 (My portion: $61,537).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Co-PI), Sumit Paudyal, and Bruce Mork, “Strategies for Real-Time Monitoring and Optimal Control of Michigan Tech Distribution System,” Michigan Tech Research Excellent Fund (REF) – Research Seed (RS) Grants, Jul. 1, 2013 – Jun. 30, 2014. Total Amount: $25,000 (My portion: $8,333.33).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (PI), “Implementation of Unidirectional Gateway in a Substation Networked Environment (Design Phase),” Waterfall Security Solutions. Total Amount: $24,000 (cash) + $212,000 (software) (My portion: $236,000).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (PI), “Collaborative Research: Integrated Vulnerability-Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Cyber-Physical Power Systems,” National Science Foundation, ECCS Energy, Power and Adaptive Systems (EPAS), Jun. 1, 2012 – May 31, 2015. Total Amount: $200,000 (My portion: $200,000).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (PI), “Campus-Wide Smart Grid Initiative (Phase 1): Strengthening Campus Energy Information communication Infrastructure (Michigan Tech Start-Up),” This is a joint effort of Michigan Tech Facilities Management and Power and Energy Research Center (PERC) project that involves in multi-phase cyberinfrastructure deployment. This project stresses on practical implementation and interoperability of other software vendors. There are 10 buildings with electronic meters at Chem Science, DHH, Dow, EERC, Forestry, Library, McNair, MME, SDC, and Wad; and 2 buildings with FDR units at SDC Ice Arena and Rosza, Jul. 1, 2011 – Jun. 30, 2012. Total Amount: $35,000 (My portion: $35,000).
- Chee-Wooi Ten (Supporting the project for enhancing EE5250 class – Distribution Engineering), “US DOE An Interdisciplinary Program for Education and Outreach in Transportation Electrification,” Nov. 1, 2009 –Oct. 31, 2012. Total Amount: $26,827 (My portion: $26,827).
- EE2111 (Fall 2012) – Electric Circuits I
- EE2112 (Fall 2015) – Electric Circuits II and Lab
- EE4222 (Spring 2018) – Power System Analysis II
- EE4723 (Spring 2013) – Computer and Network Security
- EE5250 (Spring 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018) – Distribution Engineering I
- EE5251 (Fall 2010, 2016) - Distribution Engineering II
- EE5900 (Fall 2011, 2013) – Energy Control Center Applications
- EE6210 (Fall 2014, 2017, 2019) – Power System Dynamics and Stability