Pre-Optometry Preparation

Optometrists examine, diagnose and treat the eyes for visual problems and manage eye disease, disorder, and injury. They test vision, prescribe eyeglasses and contacts, perform minor surgical procedures, promote eye health, and perform treatments including vision therapy. 

Some optometrists specialize in a certain area of eye health or vision. Most work full time in practices they own. They may also work as postsecondary teachers, do research in optometry, or work as consultants for eye-care industries.

Job Outlook

Employment for optometrists is expected to grow by 9%, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Growth is attributed to a growing and aging population.

  • $124,300
    Median Annual Salary
  • 9%

    Projected Job Growth,


  • #37

    100 Best Jobs,

    U.S. News, 2022

How to Apply

Optometrists must obtain a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree and be licensed in order to practice. Optometry schools are highly competitive; most applicants earn a bachelor’s degree before applying. Most OD schools take four years to complete. Some students choose to go on to a one-year residency program to get advanced training in a specialized area.