Saurav Pathak

Saurav Pathak


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Rick and Jo Berquist Assistant Professor of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, School of Business and Economics

  • PhD, Entrepreneurship, Imperial College Business School (London)
  • PhD, Mechanical Engineering, University of Florida
  • MS, Mechanical Engineering, Ohio University
  • BS, Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology (India)


After having completed my PhD in mechanical engineering from the University of Florida in 2007, I returned to India and was associated with a technology start-up. I then opted for another PhD in Entrepreneurship from Imperial College Business School, London. My research examines the contextual influences on individual-level entrepreneurial actions by recognizing the multi-level nature of entrepreneurship and by employing multi-level methodological treatment to data available on individual’s entrepreneurial actions as well on the focal entrepreneur’s context. The research accounts for the variance that exists in an individual’s propensity to engage in entrepreneurship across cultures, social reference groups, organizations, etc.

Research Focus

The entrepreneurship process is markedly different from country to country. In the United States, which is a highly individualistic society, it is easy to start a business but entrepreneurs must bear the risk alone. In collectivist societies like Japan or India, the entry into entrepreneurship is more difficult but the business is easier to sustain because the risk is shared.

With a multi-level study, Dr. Pathak is researching the way cultural or social aspects—such as an individualistic or collectivist societal norms—impact the entrepreneurial behaviors of individuals. The study involves more than 70 countries and over one million data points.

Teaching Interests

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Technology innovation
  • Technology transfer and the protection of intellectual property
  • Quantitative research techniques in entrepreneurship
  • Design of entrepreneurship survey data

Research Interests

  • Entrepreneurship
  • International business
  • Contextual influences on entrepreneurial actions and innovativeness
  • Multi-level analyses of longitudinal entrepreneurship survey data
  • Measurement (in) variance in individual-level entrepreneurial attitudinal attributes across cultures

Recent Publications

  • Goltz, S., Buche, M., and Pathak, S. Political Empowerment, Rule of Law and Women’s Entry into Entrepreneurship, Journal of Small Business Management, (Forthcoming).
  • Pathak, S., Laplume, A and Oliveira, E. (2014). Informal Institutions and Technology Use by Entrepreneurs: An Empirical Study Across 18 Emerging Markets, International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol 10, Issue 2.
  • Pathak, S., Etayankara, M., and Laplume, A. O. (2014). Home Country Factors and the Decision to Internationalize Technology-based New Ventures: A Multi-level Study of Early-Stage Entrepreneurs, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research
  • Laplume, A.O., Pathak, S., and Xavier-Oliveira, E. (2014). The Politics of Intellectual Property Rights Regimes: An Empirical Study of New Technology Use in Entrepreneurship, Technovation
  • Wennberg, K., Pathak, S., and Autio, E. (2013). How Culture Moulds the Effects of Self-efficacy and Fear of Failure on Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship& Regional Development, Vol 25 (9-10), 756-780
  • Autio, E., Pathak, S., and Wennberg, K. (2013). Culture’s Consequences for Entrepreneurial Behaviors, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 44 (4), 334-362. Read More
  • Pathak, S., Xavier de Oliveira, E., and Andre O. Laplume. (2013). Technology Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies: The Influence of Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment and Barriers to Technological Adoption, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 66 (10), 2090-2101. Read More
  • Pathak, S., Laplume, A. O., and Emanuel Xavier de Oliveira. (2013). A Multi-level Empirical Study of Ethnic Diversity and Shadow Economy as Moderators of Opportunity Recognition and Entrepreneurial Entry in Transition Economies. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 15 (30), 240-259. Read More
  • Pathak, S., Goltz, S., and Buche, M. (2013). Gendered Institutions and Influences on Women’s Entrepreneurship, at International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviors and Research, Vol. 19 (5), 478-502. Read More
  • Pathak, S., Andre O. Laplume and Xavier de Oliveira, E. (2012). Opportunity Recognition, Intellectual Property Rights, Barriers to Technological Adoption and Technology Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies: A Multilevel Analysis, International Journal of Economics and Business Research.
  • Pathak, S., Laplume, A and Oliveira, E. (2012). Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Entrepreneurship. Columbia FDI Perspectives, No. 84. Read More
  • Levie, J., and Pathak, S. (2012). Consumer Receptivity to Innovations: Individual, Peer-Group and Country-level Effects, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Vol 32(4), 9
  • Pathak, S., Goltz, S., and Buche, M. (2012). Gendered Institutions and Women’s Entrepreneurship Across Nations, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Vol 32(4), 11
  • Autio, E and Pathak, S. (2011). When are Entrepreneurs Innovative? When are Innovators Entrepreneurial? Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Vol. 31 (15), Article 5. Read More
  • Pathak, S and Autio, E. (2011). The Effects of National Culture on Entrepreneurial Process: A Multi-level Analysis (Interactive Paper), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Vol. 31 (15), Article 18. Read More
  • Autio, E., Pathak, S. (2010). Entrepreneur’s Exit Experience and Growth Aspirations. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Vol. 30 (5), Article. 2. Read More
  • Pathak, S., (2009). Recharging Start-ups. India Business Journal, Vol. 4 (9), 48-49