Chapter 03—Traffic

Effective Date: 2/26/2016

SEC. 3.1 TRAFFIC CONTROLS, SIGNS AND SIGNALS

The Director of the Department of Public Safety and Police Services/ and/or the Director of Facilities Management and Transportation Services or their designees, when so authorized by the Vice President for Administration , shall establish such traffic controls, signs and signals on the streets and property of the campus as may be necessary for the proper regulation and control of vehicular traffic and pedestrians and such traffic control signals and signs shall conform to and be in accordance with Michigan Uniform Traffic Code, as amended and as promulgated pursuant to the provisions of Act 62 of the Public Acts of 1956.

SEC. 3.2 STOP SIGNS

Every driver of a vehicle approaching a stop sign shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or in the event there is no crosswalk, shall, stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection and shall proceed into the intersection only when such movement can be made in safety and without interfering with other traffic, except when directed to proceed by a police officer or traffic-control signal.

SEC. 3.3 EMERGING FROM ALLEY, DRIVEWAY, OR BUILDING

The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, driveway, or building shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or onto the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yielding the right-of-way to any pedestrian as may be necessary to avoid collision, and upon entering the roadway, shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on said roadway.

SEC. 3.4 OBSTRUCTING INTERSECTION

No driver shall enter an intersection or crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate his vehicle without obstruction or blocking the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians notwithstanding any traffic control signal indication or other right to proceed.

SEC. 3.5 OBEDIENCE TO SIGNAL INDICATING APPROACH OF RAILROAD TRAIN

Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing under any of the circumstances stated in this section, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad, and shall not proceed until he can do so safely. The foregoing requirements shall apply when:

  1. A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train;
  2. A crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train;
  3. A railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and such railroad train, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard;
  4. An approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

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SEC. 3.6 RAILROAD CROSSING GATE OR BARRIER

No person shall drive any vehicle through, around, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing while such gate or barrier is closed or being opened or closed.

SEC. 3.7 RIGHT-OF-WAY AT INTERSECTIONS

When 2 vehicles enter an intersection at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle of the right except as otherwise provided in this ordinance. The driver of any vehicle traveling at an unlawful speed shall forfeit any right-of-way which he might otherwise have hereunder.

SEC. 3.8 YIELD RIGHT-OF-WAY

Where signs bearing the message "yield right-of-way" are erected upon the approach to an intersection, a driver approaching such sign shall slow to a reasonable speed for existing conditions of traffic and visibility, yielding the right-of-way to all traffic on the intersecting street which is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard. The driver of any vehicle traveling at an unlawful speed shall forfeit any right-of-way which he might otherwise have hereunder.

SEC. 3.9 RIGHT-OF-WAY, VEHICLE TURNING LEFT AT INTERSECTION

The driver of a vehicle within an intersection intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard, but said driver, having so yielded and having given a signal when and as required by this ordinance, may make such left turn and the drivers of all other vehicles approaching the intersection from said opposite direction shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle making the left turn: Provided, that an intersection at which a traffic signal is located, a driver intending to make a left turn shall permit vehicles bound straight through in the opposite direction which are awaiting a go signal to pass through the intersection before making the turn.

SEC. 3.10 EMERGENCY VEHICLES - RIGHT-OF-WAY

Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle equipped with at least one (1) lighted flashing, rotating or oscillating lamp exhibiting a red or blue light visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle, and when the driver is giving audible signal by siren, exhaust whistle, or bell, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to, the right edge or curb of the roadway (or left edge on a one-way street) clear of any intersection and shall stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.

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SEC. 3.11 WHEN PERMITS REQUIRED FOR PARADES AND PROCESSIONS

No procession or parade shall occupy, march, or proceed along any University roadway in a manner so as to interfere with the normal flow and speed of vehicular traffic except in accordance with a permit issued by the Director of the Department of Public Safety and Police Services.

SEC. 3.12 DRIVE ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY; EXCEPTIONS

Upon all roadways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway, except as follows:

  1. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement;
  2. When the right half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair;
  3. Upon a roadway divided into 3 marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon; or
  4. Upon a roadway designated and sign posted for 1-way traffic provided that upon a roadway having 2 or more lanes for travel in one direction a vehicle shall be driven in the extreme right hand lane available for travel; except that a vehicle may be driven in any lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the same direction of travel when the lanes are occupied by vehicles moving in substantially continuous lanes of traffic or for a reasonable distance prior to making a left turn.

SEC. 3.13 PASSING VEHICLES PROCEEDING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS

Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right, and upon roadways having width for not more than 1 line of traffic in each direction each driver shall give to the other at least 1/2 of the main-traveled portion of the roadway as nearly as possible.

SEC. 3.14 OVERTAKING AND PASSING ON LEFT OF MOVING VEHICLES

The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction subject to those limitations, exceptions, and special rules hereafter stated:

  1. The driver of any vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass at a safe distance to the left thereof, and when safely clear of such overtaken vehicle shall take up a position as near the right-hand edge of the main traveled portion of the highway as is practicable.
  2. Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.

SEC. 3.15 OVERTAKING AND PASSING ON RIGHT OF MOVING VEHICLES

The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:

  1. When the vehicle overtaking is making or about to make a left turn;
  2. Upon a street or highway with unobstructed pavement not occupied by parked vehicles of sufficient width for 2 or more lanes of moving vehicles in each direction and when such vehicles are moving in substantially continuous lanes of traffic;
  3. Upon a 1-way street, or upon any roadway on which traffic is restricted to 1 direction of movement, where the roadway is free from obstructions and of sufficient width for 2 or more lines of moving vehicles and when such vehicles are moving in substantially continuous lanes of traffic.
  4. The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under conditions permitting such movement in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the pavement or main-traveled portion of the roadway.

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SEC. 3.16 OVERTAKING AND PASSING ON LEFT; RESTRICTIONS

No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of a 2-lane street or in the center lane of a 3-lane street in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side or center lane is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.

SEC. 3.17 LEFT OF CENTER OPERATION; PROHIBITION

No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:

  1. When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the street where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction;
  2. When the view is obstructed upon approaching within 100 feet of any bridge, viaduct, or tunnel.
  3. The limitations set forth in section 3.17 shall not apply upon a 1-way roadway.

SEC. 3.18 NO PASSING ZONES

The driver of a vehicle shall not overtake and pass any vehicle in a no passing zone where official signs or markings on the roadway indicate the beginning and end of such zone and when such signs or markings are in place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person.

SEC. 3.19 ONE-WAY ROADWAYS

Upon a roadway or alley designated and sign posted for 1-way traffic a vehicle shall be driven only in the direction designated.

SEC. 3.20 ROTARY TRAFFIC ISLANDS

A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island shall be driven only to the right of such island.

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SEC. 3.21 DRIVING ON ROADWAYS LANED FOR TRAFFIC

Whenever any roadway has been divided into 2 or more clearly marked lanes for traffic the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:

  1. A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety and on highways with 4 or more lanes said vehicle shall be driven within the extreme right hand lane except when overtaking and passing but in no event shall cross the center line of said highway except where making a left turn.
  2. Upon a roadway which is divided into 3 lanes a vehicle shall not be driven to the left of the center lane except when making a left turn and shall not be driven in the center lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is sign posted to give notice of such allocation.
  3. Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign.

SEC. 3.22 FOLLOWING TOO CLOSELY

The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the street.

SEC. 3.23 FOLLOWING FIRE APPARATUS PROHIBITED

The driver of any vehicle other than an authorized emergency vehicle on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than 500 feet or drive into or park such vehicle within 500 feet where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.

SEC. 3.24 REQUIRED POSITION AND METHOD OF TURNING AT INTERSECTIONS

The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as follows:

  1. Right turns - Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
  2. Left turns on 2-way roadways - At any intersection where traffic is permitted to move in both directions on each roadway entering the intersection, an approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of such center line where it enters the intersection and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection to the right of the center line of the roadway being entered. Whenever practicable the left turn shall be made in that portion of the intersection to the left of the center of the intersection.
  3. Left turns on other than 2-way roadways - At any intersection where traffic is restricted to 1 direction on 1 or more of the roadways, the driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any such intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection, as nearly as practicable, in the left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in such direction upon the roadway being entered.

SEC. 3.25 SIGNS LIMITING TURN

No driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at any intersection except when such movement can be made in safety and without interfering with other traffic and as directed by established pavement markers, signs or signals placed within or adjacent to said intersection.

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SEC. 3.26 OBEDIENCE TO NO-TURN SIGNS

Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left or U turn is permitted, no driver of a vehicle shall disobey the directions of any such sign.

SEC. 3.27 DRIVING ALLOWED

No person shall drive any motor vehicle upon other than established roadways, streets, alleys, driveways, or parking areas.

SEC. 3.28 LIMITATIONS ON BACKING

The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic.

SEC. 3.29 DRIVING PROHIBITED

No person shall drive any motor vehicle upon any sidewalk, grass or lawn area, playing field, running track, or any other area not included as allowable under Sec. 3.27.

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SEC. 3.30 RIDERS TO OBEY TRAFFIC LAWS

Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by the state laws of Michigan declaring rules of the road applicable to vehicles or by this ordinance applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to special regulations in this chapter and except as to those provisions of laws and ordinances which by their nature can have no application.

SEC. 3.31 BICYCLES ALLOWED

No person shall operate any bicycle upon other than established roadways, alleys, parking areas, sidewalks, or bicycle paths.

SEC. 3.32 RIDING ON SIDEWALKS; RIGHT-OF-WAY

Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.

SEC. 3.33 SPEED RESTRICTIONS

Any person driving a vehicle on a street or alley shall drive the same at a careful and prudent speed not greater than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface and width of the street or alley and of any other condition then existing, and no person shall drive any vehicle upon a street or alley at a speed greater than will permit him to bring it to a stop within the assured, clear distance ahead.

SEC. 3.34 MAXIMUM SPEED

Subject to the provisions of section 3.33 and except in those instances where a different speed is lawfully established and posted, it shall be prima facie lawful for the driver of a vehicle to drive the same at a speed not exceeding 15 miles an hour on all streets and alleys, but in any case when such speed would be unsafe it shall not be lawful.

SEC. 3.35 VIOLATION OF SPEED LIMITATIONS

It shall be prima facie unlawful for any person to exceed any of the speed limitations set forth in section 3.34.

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SEC. 3.36 VIOLATION OF SIGNS

It shall be prima facie unlawful to exceed the speed stated on signs erected in accordance with this ordinance.

SEC. 3.37 MANNER OF CHARGING VIOLATION OF SPEED RESTRICTION

In every charge of violation of the speed restrictions in this ordinance, the violation card shall specify the speed at which the defendant is alleged to have driven, also the speed applicable within the district or at the location.

SEC. 3.38 DRIVERS TO EXERCISE DUE CARE

Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or vehicle upon any street, alley, or area open to motor vehicles.

SEC. 3.39 DRIVER REGULATIONS APPLICABLE

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SEC. 3.40 TWO ABREAST, SEATING, AND CONTROL

The operators of motorcycles or mopeds shall not ride more than two abreast on any street and shall comply with the seating and control requirements as may be provided by this ordinance or by the Michigan Uniform Traffic Code.

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SEC. 3.41 CLINGING TO OTHER VEHICLES

No person riding upon any bicycle, motorcycle, moped, coasters, roller skates, ski, sled, skateboard, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

SEC. 3.42 SKIS, TOBOGGANS, SLEDS - PROHIBITION ON USE

No person shall use any street or alley within the campus of Michigan Technological University as a roller skate, toboggan, sled, skateboard, snowboard or ski course for the purpose of traveling or coasting on sleds, skis, skateboards, snowboards, toboggans, roller skates, toy vehicles, or other similar devices, except for portions of such streets officially set aside for such use by the Vice President for Administration or designee, and adequately roped off or otherwise marked for such purpose. No skateboard, snowboard, bicycle, scooter, roller skates, or similar device may be used at any location in a manner which will damage the surface upon which it is used or which it comes in contact with or in a manner creating a danger to the property on which it is used or to other persons on the property.

SEC. 3.43 INTERFERENCE WITH DRIVER'S CONTROL

No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or so as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

SEC. 3.44 POSITION OF PASSENGERS

No passenger in a vehicle shall ride in such position so as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

SEC. 3.45 DRIVER'S VIEW, OBSTRUCTIONS

No person shall drive any motor vehicle with a window so damaged or any sign, poster or other non-transparent material upon the front windshield, side wings, side or rear windows of such vehicle so as to obstruct the driver's view other than a decal, certificate, or other paper required to be so displayed by law.

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SEC. 3.46 CROSSING FIRE HOSE

No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department without the consent of the fire department official or police officer in command.

SEC. 3.47 BOARDING OR ALIGHTING FROM VEHICLES

No person shall board or alight from any vehicle while such vehicle is in motion.

SEC. 3.48 SAFETY ZONES OCCUPIED BY PERSONS

The driver of a vehicle shall not at any time drive through or over a safety zone when such safety zone contains any person thereon.

SEC. 3.49 SPLASHING

No driver of a motor vehicle shall recklessly, willfully, wantonly, or carelessly operate his vehicle in such manner as to splash snow, rain, water, mud, dirt, or debris on any person then upon a sidewalk, crosswalk, or safety zone.

SEC. 3.50 GLASS, RUBBISH OR GARBAGE, DEPOSIT ON STREETS PROHIBITED

No person shall throw or deposit upon any street any glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, rubbish, garbage or any other substance likely to injure any person, animal, or vehicle upon such street. Any person who drops, or permits to be dropped or thrown, upon any street any destructive or injurious material shall immediately remove the same or cause it to be removed.

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SEC. 3.51 WRECKED OR DAMAGED VEHICLES

Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a street shall remove any glass or other injurious substance dropped upon the street from such vehicle.

SEC. 3.52 SPILLING LOADS ON STREETS PROHIBITED

No vehicle shall be driven or moved on any street unless such vehicle is so constructed or loaded as to prevent its contents from dropping, sifting, leaking, or otherwise escaping therefrom.

SEC. 3.53 UNATTENDED MOTOR VEHICLE, BRAKES, GRADE

No person having control or charge of a motor vehicle shall allow such vehicle to stand on any street unattended without first effectively setting the brakes thereon and stopping the motor of said vehicle and when standing upon any grade without turning the front wheels to such vehicle to the curb or side of the street.

SEC. 3.54 MUFFLERS

Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with a muffler in good working order and in constant operation to prevent excessive noise and annoying smoke and no person shall operate on the streets a motor vehicle equipped with a muffler cut out, by-pass or similar device, or a device for the purpose of causing flame or smoke to be emitted from a vehicle.

SEC. 3.55 EXCESSIVE FUMES OR SMOKE

The engine and power mechanism of every motor vehicle shall be so equipped and adjusted as to prevent the escape of excessive fumes or smoke.

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SEC. 3.56 EQUIPMENT

No person shall drive or move and no owner shall cause or knowingly permit to be driven or moved on the campus any vehicle or combination of vehicles which is in such unsafe condition as to endanger any person, or which does not contain those parts or is not at all times equipped with such lamps and other equipment in proper condition and adjustment as required by Michigan Motor Vehicle Code, Act 300, Public Acts of 1949, as amended, or which is equipped in any manner in violation of this ordinance.

SEC. 3.57 CARELESS DRIVING

No person shall operate a vehicle upon a highway or a frozen public lake, stream or pond or other place open to the general public, including any area designated for the parking of vehicles, in a careless or negligent manner likely to endanger any person or property.

SEC. 3.58 DRAG RACES PROHIBITED

  1. No person shall operate a vehicle upon any highway, or any other place on the campus of Michigan Technological University, including any area designated for the parking of motor vehicles, in a speed or acceleration contest or for the purpose of making a speed record, whether from a standing start or otherwise over a measured or unmeasured distance, or in a drag race as herein defined.
  2. "Drag racing" means the operation of two or more vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other over a common selected course or where timing is involved or where timing devices are used in competitive accelerations of speed by participating vehicles. Persons rendering assistance in any manner to such competitive use of vehicles shall be equally charged as participants. The operation of two or more vehicles either at speeds in excess of prima facie lawfully established speeds or rapidly accelerating from a common starting point to a speed in excess of such prima facie lawful speed is prima facie evidence of drag racing and is unlawful.

SEC. 3.59 INTERFERENCE WITH TRAFFIC

No person, without authority, shall block, obstruct, impede or otherwise interfere with the normal flow of vehicular or pedestrian traffic on the campus by means of a barricade, object or device, or with his person. This section shall not apply to persons maintaining, rearranging or constructing University or utility facilities in or adjacent to a street or highway.

SEC. 3.60 OPERATION OF SNOW, ALL TERRAIN AND SIMILAR VEHICLES

No snow vehicle, snowmobile, all terrain vehicle, or other similar device not licensed for operation on public thoroughfares will be operated, driven, towed except when secured on a trailer, or otherwise used on University property without the express written consent of the Vice President for Administration or of the Director of the Department of Public Safety and Police Services. .

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SEC. 3.61 BICYCLES, MOPEDS, AND MOTORCYCLES; NUMBER AND MANNER OF CARRYING PERSONS

  1. A person propelling a bicycle or operating a motorcycle or moped shall not ride other than upon and astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
  2. No bicycle or motorcycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
  3. No moped shall be used to carry more than one person at any one time.

SEC. 3.62 BICYCLES, MOPEDS, AND MOTORCYCLES; OPERATION AT RIGHT OF ROADWAY, SPECIAL PATHS

  1. Every person operating a bicycle or moped upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction. All motorcycles are entitled to full use of a lane and no motor vehicle shall be driven in such a manner as to deprive any motorcycle of the full use of a lane. This subsection shall not apply to motorcycles operated two abreast in a single lane.
  2. Persons riding bicycles, mopeds or motorcycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast.
  3. Persons riding bicycles on other than a roadway shall ride in single file.
  4. Wherever usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway.
  5. No person operating a moped, a motorcycle or a bicycle shall pass between lines of traffic, but may pass on the left of traffic moving in his direction in the case of a two-way street, or on the left or right of traffic in the case of a one-way street, in an unoccupied lane.
  6. This section shall not apply to police officers in the performance of their official duties.

SEC. 3.63 BICYCLES, MOPEDS, AND MOTORCYCLES; CARRYING ARTICLES, HANDS ON HANDLEBARS

No person operating a bicycle, motorcycle or moped shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the driver from keeping both hands upon the handlebars of said vehicle.

SEC. 3.64 BICYCLES; LIGHTS, BELLS, BRAKES

  1. Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear which shall be visible from all distances from 50 feet to 300 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
  2. No person shall operate a bicycle unless it is equipped with a bell or other device capable of giving a signal audible for a distance of at least 100 feet, except that such vehicles shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon such vehicles any siren or whistle.
  3. Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.

SEC. 3.65 SAFETY BELTS

  1. This section shall not apply to a driver or passenger of:
    1. A motor vehicle manufactured before January 1, 1965.
    2. A bus.
    3. A motorcycle.
    4. A moped.
    5. A motor vehicle if the driver or passenger possesses a written verification from a physician that the driver or passenger is unable to wear a safety belt for physical or medical reasons.
    6. A motor vehicle which is not required to be equipped with safety belts under federal law.
    7. A commercial or United States postal service vehicle which makes frequent stops for the purpose of pickup or delivery of goods or services.
    8. A motor vehicle operated by a rural carrier of the United States postal service while serving an assigned rural postal route.
  2. This section shall not apply to a passenger of a school bus.
  3. Every operator and front seat passenger of a motor vehicle operated on a street or highway in this state shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt, except as follows:
    1. A child who is less than 4 years of age shall be protected as required in section 3.66.
    2. A child who is 4 years of age or older but less than 8 years of age and who is less than 4 feet 9 inches shall be property secured in a child restraint system in accordance with the child restraint manufacturer's and vehicle manufacturer's instructions.
  4. If there are more passengers than safety belts available for use, and all safety belts in the motor vehicle are being utilized in compliance with this section, the operator of the motor vehicle is in compliance with this section.
  5. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (3)(b), each operator of a motor vehicle transporting a child 4 years of age or older but less than 16 years of age in a motor vehicle shall secure the child in a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt and seated as required under this section. If the motor vehicle is transporting more children than there are safety belts available for use, all safety belts available in the motor vehicle are being utilized in compliance with this section, and the operator and all front seat passengers comply with subsection (3), the operator of a motor vehicle transporting a child 8 years of age or older but less than 16 years of age for which there is not an available safety belt is in compliance with this subsection if that child is seated in other than the front seat of the motor vehicle. However, if that motor vehicle is a pickup truck without an extended cab or jump seats, and all safety belts in the front seat are being used, the operator may transport the child in the front seat without a safety belt.
  6. A person who violates this section is responsible for a civil infraction.

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SEC. 3.66 CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS

  1. Except as provided in this section, each driver transporting a child less than 4 years of age in a motor vehicle shall properly secure that child in a child restraint system that meets the standards prescribed in 49 CFR 571.213.
  2. A driver transporting a child as required under subsection (1) shall position the child in the child restraint system in a rear seat, if the vehicle is equipped with a rear seat. If all available rear seats are occupied by children less than 4 years of age, then a child less than 4 years of age may be positioned in the child restraint system in the front seat. A child in a rear-facing child restraint system may be placed in the front seat only if the front passenger air bag is deactivated.
  3. This section does not apply if the motor vehicle being driven is a bus, school bus, taxicab, moped, motorcycle, or other motor vehicle not required to be equipped with safety belts under federal law or regulations.
  4. A person who violates this section is responsible for a civil infraction.

SEC. 3.67 BUSSES TAKING ON OR DISCHARGING PASSENGERS

A bus, for the purpose of taking on or discharging passengers, may be stopped at a place described in section 5.7, 2., 4., or 6., on the roadway side of a vehicle illegally parked in a legally designated bus loading zone, or at a place described in section 5.716. if the place is posted by an appropriate bus stop sign, except that a bus shall not stop at such a place if the stopping is specifically prohibited by the Department of Public Safety and Police Services.

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