Waste Descriptions

Ignitability
A waste is ignitable (and is identified by the hazardous waste number D001) if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

  • It is a liquid and has a flash point less than 60 degrees Centigrade (140 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • It is not a liquid and is capable, under standard temperature and pressure, of causing fire through friction, absorption of moisture, or spontaneous chemical changes, and, when ignited, burns so vigorously and persistently that it creates a hazard.
  • It is an ignitable compressed gas as defined in the provisions of 49 C.F.R. §173.115. (Gas in a cylinder will likely have a flammable gas label.)
  • It is an oxidizer as defined in the provisions of 49 C.F.R. §173.127.

Corrosivity
A waste is corrosive (and is identified by the hazardous waste number D002) if a representative sample of the waste has either of the following properties:

  • It is aqueous and has a pH less than or equal to 2, or greater than or equal to 12.5.
  • It is a liquid and corrodes steel (SAE 1020) at a rate of more than 6.35 mm (0.250 inch) per year at a test temperature of 55 degrees Centigrade (130 degrees Fahrenheit)—as determined by the test method specified in the National Association of Corrosivity Engineers (NACE) standard TM-01-69.

Reactivity
A waste is reactive (and is identified by the hazardous waste number D003) if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

  • It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change without detonating.
  • It reacts violently with water.
  • It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water.
  • When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
  • It is a cyanide or sulfide-bearing waste that, when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5, can generate toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
  • It is capable of detonation or explosion if it is subjected to a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement.
  • It is readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at standard temperature and pressure.
  • It is a forbidden explosive as defined in the provisions of 49 C.F.R. §173.54, or it meets the definition of a class 1/division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 explosive as defined in the provisions of 49 C.F.R. §173.50.

Toxicity
A waste is toxic if, using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure, the extract from a representative sample of the waste contains any of the contaminants listed in Table 201a at a concentration equal to or greater than the respective values given in the table. If the waste is a liquid and contains less than 0.5 percent filterable solids, then the waste itself is considered to be the extract for the purposes of this rule.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of severe toxicity if the waste contains one part per million or more of a severely toxic substance listed in Table 202.

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Table 201a

Waste NumberChem Abstracts NumberChemical NameConcentration (mg/1)
D0047440-38-2Arsenic5.0
D0057440-39-3Barium100.0
D01871-43-2Benzene0.5
D0067440-43-9Cadmium1.0
D01956-23-5Carbon Tetrachloride0.5
D02057-74-9Chlordane0.03
D021108-90-7Chlorobenzene100.0
D02267-66-3Chloroform6.0
D0077440-47-3Chromium5.0
D02395-48-7o-Cresol200.0**
D024108-39-4m-Cresol200.0**
D025106-44-5p-Cresol200.0**
D026-Cresol200.0**
D1694-75-72,4-D (2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid)10.0
D027106-46-71,4-Dichlorobenzene7.5
D028107-06-21,2-Dichloroethane0.5
D02975-35-41,1-Dichloroethylene0.7
D030121-14-22,4-Dinitrotoluene0.13*
D01272-20-8Endrin (1,2,3,4,10,10- hexachloro-1,7- Epoxy-1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a octahydro-1,4-endo,endo-5,8-dimenthano naphthalene0.02
D03176-44-8Heptachlor (and its Epoxide)0.008
D032118-74-1Hexachlorobenzene0.13*
D03387-68-3Hexachlorobutadiene0.5
D03467-72-1Hexachloroethane3.0
D0087439-92-1Lead5.0
D01358-89-9Lindane (1,2,3,4,5,6- hexachlorocyclo-hexane, gamma isomer)0.4
D0097439-97-6Mercury0.2
D01472-43-5Methoxychlor (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl)ethane)10.0
D03578-93-3Methyl ethyl ketone200.0
D03698-95-3Nitrobenzene2.0
D03787-86-5Pentachlorophenol100.0
D038110-86-1Pyridine5.0*
D0107782-49-2Selenium1.0
D0117440-22-4Silver5.0
D039127-18-4Tetrachloroethylene0.7
D0158001-35-2Toxaphene (C10H10C18, Technical chlorinated camphene, 67- 69 percent chlorine)0.5
D04079-01-6Trichloroethylene0.5
D04195-95-42,4,5-Trichlorophenol400.0
D04288-06-22,4,6-Trichlorophenol2.0
D01793-72-12,4,5 TP Silvex (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxypropionic acid)1.0
D04375-01-4Vinyl chloride0.2

* Quantitation limit is greater than the calculated regulatory level. The quantitation limit therefore becomes the regulatory level.

**IF o-, m-, and p-Cresol concentrations cannot be differentiated, the total cresol (D026) concentration is used. The regulatory level of total cresol is 200 mg/l.

Table 202

Waste NumberChemical Name
001SAflatoxin
002S2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
003S1,2,3,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
004S1,2,3,4,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
005S1,2,3,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
006S1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
007S2,3,7,8-Tetrachloridibenzo

Table 203a

Waste NumberChemical Name and Description
F001The following spent halogenated solvents used in degreasing: tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, methylene chloride, 1,1,1 trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, and chlorinated fluorocar bons; all spent solvent mixtures and blends used in degreasing containing, before use, a total of 10% or more, by volume, of one or more of the above halogenated solvents or those solvents listed in F002, F004, and F005; and still bottoms from the recovery of these spent solvents and spent solvent mixtures.
F002The following spent halogenated solvents: tetrachloroethylene, methylene chloride, trichloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, chlorobenzene, 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane, orthodichlorobenzene, trichlorofluoromethane and 1,1,2-trichloroethane; all spent solvent mixtures and blends containing, before use, a total of 10% or more, by volume, of one or more of the above halogenated solvents or those solvents listed in FOOl, F004, and F005; and still bottoms from the recovery of these spent solvents and spent solvent mixtures.
F003The following spent nonhalogenated solvents: xylene, acetone, ethyl acetate, ethyl benzene, ethyl ether, methyl isobutyl ketone, n-butyl alcohol, cyclohexanone, and methanol; all spent solvent mixtures and blends containing, before use, only the above spent nonhalogenated solvents; and all spent solvent mixtures or blends, containing before use, one or more of the above nonhalogenated solvents, and a total of 10% or more, by volume, of one or more of those solvents listed in FOOl, F002, F004, and F005 and still bottoms from the recovery of these spent solvents and spent solvent mixtures.
F004The following spent nonhalogenated solvents: cresols and cresylic acid, and nitrobenzene; all spent solvent mixtures and blends containing, before use, a total of 10% or more, by volume, of one or more of the above non-halogenated solvents or those solvents listed in FOOl, F002, and F005; and still bottoms from the recovery of these spent solvents and spent solvent mixtures.
F005The following spent nonhalogenated solvents: toluene, methyl ethyl ketone, carbon disulfide, isobutanol, pyridine, benzene, 2- ethoxyethanol, and 2-nitropropane; all spent solvent mixtures and blends containing, before use, a total of 10% or more, by volume, of one or more of the above nonhalogenated solvents or those solvents listed in FOOl, F002 and F004; and still bottoms from the recovery of these spent solvents and spent solvent mixtures.
F027
Note: Michigan Tech may not generate more than 1Kg of waste meeting this description.
Discarded unused formulations containing tri- tetra-, or pentachlorophenol or discarded unused formulation containing compounds derived from these chlorophenols. This listing does not include formulations containing hexachlorophene synthesized from prepurified 2,4,5-trichlorophenol as the sole component.

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