Procedures for 5.1 and 5.3 Board of Trustees Policy: Employee Cases of Discrimination and Harassment based on Protected Class, including Sexual Harassment
If a person feels that their treatment has been harassing or unfairly discriminatory, they are encouraged to speak with their supervisor and/or file a complaint. Supervisors should take immediate action to prevent the possible harassment and/or discrimination from continuing. Institutional Equity can assist you with these issues and/or a complaint may be filed. Information on how to file a complaint can be found later on this page under the heading ‘Process for Filing a Complaint with Institutional Equity’.
For students, faculty, and staff, all complaints of sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking will be referred to the Title IX Coordinator and the Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy may apply. Reported prohibited conduct that does not meet the definitions and jurisdiction of the Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy will be reviewed under these procedures. This includes sexual harassment that occurs outside of Michigan Tech’s Education Program or Activity, conduct that occurs outside of the United States, and non-Title IX Sexual Harassment.
The following Institutional Equity complaint procedures are intended to be used in any case of alleged harassment and/or discriminatory actions on the basis of a person’s race, religion, color, national origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, height, weight, genetic information, marital status, veteran status, or disability. Violations of state and federal law and/or the policies could lead to discipline and possible dismissal.
All complaints are given serious consideration. Informal resolutions should be explored first. The informal process serves to formulate appropriate resolutions at the most local level. Formal treatment may be specifically requested by either party or Institutional Equity in a written notice at any time.
If you are an employee and you are experiencing difficulties that do not pertain to protected class issues, please refer to policy 6.13.1 - Employee Complaints and Grievance Procedures.
Complaints Involving Students
If you are a student filing a complaint of discrimination or harassment against another student, that is NOT sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, or stalking, the complaint processes are included in the Student Code of Community Conduct.
Process for Filing a Complaint with Institutional Equity
Any person (students, employees, applicants for employment, applicants for admission, or third parties) may file a complaint using any of the methods listed below:
- Report via the “Sexual Misconduct” or the “Discrimination and Harassment” tabs on the Report a Concern website
- Submit a written complaint to Institutional Equity firstname.lastname@example.org and/or the Title IX Coordinator email@example.com
- Complete the Discrimination and/or Harassment Reporting Form available on Institutional Equity’s webpage
- Complete the Title IX/Sexual Misconduct Reporting Form available on the Title IX website
- Call Institutional Equity and/or the Title IX Coordinator at 906-487-3310
- Visit the Institutional Equity/Title IX office located in room 311 of the Administration Building
- Submit a complaint to Public Safety and Police Services; call 906-487-2216 or visit 206 MacInnes Drive
- Submit an anonymous Tip or call 906-487-0847
- Specifically for students, a complaint can also be made to the Office of Academic and Community Conduct; call 906-487-2951 or visit room 310 Administration Building
Each complaint should specify:
- the name of the individual(s) against whom the complaint is made
- the nature of the alleged offense(s) (discrimination based on a protected status, harassment, disability, etc)
- the specifics of the offending incident(s) with precise details (what happened, who was present, when, where, any reasons why they believe the action was taken)
It is suggested that harassment and discrimination complaints based on protected class be filed promptly within 60 days of the most recent offending incident to assist in assuring a complete and timely investigation. The University reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to investigate and act on complaints involving incidents that have occurred beyond the time limit.
Complaints of sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking can be filed regardless of when the incident took place. More information regarding the Title IX process is available within the Title IX Sexual Harassment Policy.
The Role of an Advisor
Complainants and Respondents may have a person present during the complaint process to serve as an advisor. For cases of sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking, parties may choose their own advisor, which can be a trained Michigan Tech Title IX Advisor or an advisor of their choice not affiliated with Michigan Tech, including but not required to be an attorney. The advisor may be present but cannot participate directly in the process. They may, however, provide advice and guidance directly to the Complainant or Respondent. Staff who are members of a union will be informed that they may have a union representative as a support person. All participants are asked to respect the confidentiality of the investigation processes in order to maintain the integrity of the investigation.
Initial Review of Complaints
During the pre-investigation evaluation period, the investigator will determine if:
- the complaint is timely.
- the situation described in the complaint arose in the course of a University program or activity.
- the complaint may violate a policy enforced by Institutional Equity.
- the complaint is directed against a University employee, student, administrative unit, or third-party.
- the complaint is factually supported such that the alleged behavior could constitute a policy violation.
If the complaint does not meet the above criteria or establish a violation of a policy enforced by Institutional Equity, the case may be closed. However, the complaint may still be subject to University action if the alleged behavior violates another University policy or is otherwise inappropriate. In such an event, Institutional Equity may refer the complaint to any other University office deemed appropriate for further review.
Requests from complainants to “just record my concerns” or “not take any action at this time” may or may not be honored depending on the circumstances involved. If at any time the University feels an investigation is necessary, an investigation may proceed without the support of the potential Complainant, even if that Complainant requested no action.
The University will offer supportive measures to the parties, as appropriate. If informal resolution is possible, it will be supported as an abbreviated process for less complicated matters that can be quickly resolved to the satisfaction of both parties. An example of such a complaint could be a single comment that the Complainant deemed objectionable and for which clarification can be provided. The informal process is completely voluntary, and both parties must agree. The University recognizes that there may be certain complaints where the informal process will never be appropriate. A Complainant always has the right in every case to insist on a formal investigation and findings.
Institutional Equity will determine the most effective method of investigating the allegations raised by the Complainant. This will most likely involve conducting a thorough fact-finding investigation, which includes separate meetings with the Complainant, Respondent, and witnesses with first-hand knowledge of the situation and reviewing and analyzing relevant records as they relate to the allegations. The Complainant, Respondent, and witnesses will have the right to present information to the investigator, including the opportunity to provide questions to the investigator to be asked of the other parties or witnesses. The investigator may be the Executive Director of Institutional Equity or designee, the Title IX Coordinator or designee, or a University contracted investigator. It will be within the investigator’s discretion to determine the extent of investigation necessary and the number of witnesses to be contacted to adequately determine the facts.
Participants in the process may be requested to document their statements in writing. If a person declines to provide a written statement or sign a statement taken by the investigator that documents their account of the incident(s), Institutional Equity will still conduct an investigation based upon all available information. However, at all times, those involved will receive a procedurally fair, prompt, and thorough investigation.
The Complainant and Respondent will be notified of the investigation by email. This notification will include, to the best of Institutional Equity's knowledge; the parties’ names; a description of the alleged policy violation with any dates/times/locations known prior to the Investigation; the date/time/location of the first meeting with the investigators; policy on retaliation; and information on appropriate resources available. The investigators will then meet with the parties and witnesses individually, collect any additional relevant evidence, and possibly conduct follow up meetings with the parties. When the meetings have concluded, each party will receive a copy of the notes the investigators took during their meeting(s) and provided the opportunity to review and comment on the meeting notes. Upon completion of the investigation, the investigator will create a written report of the evidence obtained during the investigation. A representative from Institutional Equity will review the written report to determine if there is a violation of University Policy based upon a “preponderance of evidence” standard. This standard means that it is more likely than not that the prohibited conduct occurred. Institutional Equity will strive to complete the investigation within 60 days of receipt of the complaint. Simultaneous notification of the finding will be provided to both the Complainant and Respondent.
Sanctions and Outcomes
If it is determined that a policy violation has occurred, the supervisor and Human Resources will determine appropriate corrective action. These steps include preventing a recurrence by implementing remedies, and disciplinary sanctions ranging from verbal or written warnings, probation, suspension, or expulsion from the University, or termination from University employment, and/or termination of tenure for serious or repeated violations. This will be determined in accordance with applicable University Policies, Human Resources practices and procedures, and any applicable collective bargaining agreement. Third-parties who violate the policy are subject to corrective action, which may include removal from campus and termination of contractual agreements.
The University reserves the right to refer the complaint to the proper police or law enforcement agencies for criminal investigation, if so determined.
Employees who have a concern about the outcome of any investigation may seek further assistance through the Employee Complaints and Grievance policy and procedures, the Policy on Academic Tenure and Promotion, or their applicable bargaining agreement or contract.
The University will make every reasonable effort to maintain privacy for all parties involved and the confidentiality of information received to the extent allowable in accordance with state and federal laws and University policy. Timely cooperation is expected of all involved parties throughout the investigative process. All participants are asked to respect the confidentiality of the investigation processes to maintain the integrity of the investigation.
Any individual who knowingly files a false complaint under this policy, or who knowingly provides false information to, intentionally misleads, or knowingly withholds available requested information from University officials who are investigating a complaint, may be subject to disciplinary and/or corrective action.
Retaliation is engaging in adverse action against a complainant, respondent, or any individual or group of individuals involved in the complaint, investigation, and/or resolution of an allegation of a violation, which affects their employment, academic/student, or business status that is motivated in whole or in part by their participation in the process.
Retaliation is expressly prohibited by University policy and could lead to discipline including possible termination or dismissal.
Retaliation can take many forms, including but not limited to threats, intimidation, pressuring, demotion, and/or continued harassment. Persons who feel that they have been subject to retaliation may file a complaint based on the alleged retaliation in the same manner as for the initial complaint. Conduct that constitutes retaliation may be found regardless of whether or not the underlying complaint is found to have merit.
In addition, the University will not tolerate retaliation against persons due to their assertion of their protected civil rights, including filing complaints with federal or state civil rights enforcement agencies, bringing the University’s attention to prohibited activity, or participation in an investigation of such a complaint.
Case records within Institutional Equity will be retained per legal requirements. Case records will be retained for 7 years from the date the responding party was last enrolled or employed unless pending civil actions. Case records of incidents will be maintained in a private manner by Institutional Equity.
Revised June 30, 2015, August 25, 2015, February 25, 2016, August 31, 2017, December 12, 2017, September 15, 2020, December 15, 2020