Is a law prohibiting discrimination based on sex in educational programs that receive Federal funds. It states: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving... [Learn More]
Nondiscrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex in all areas of employment.
Nondiscrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Amends the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to strengthen and improve Federal civil rights laws, to provide for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination, to clarify provisions regarding disparate impact actions, and for other purposes.
Protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination.
Protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older from employment discrimination based on age.
Nondiscrimination on the basis of age in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.
Prohibits disability discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.
Prohibits disability discrimination by public entities, including public colleges and universities whether or not they receive Federal financial assistance..
Amends Title VII, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the ADA and the Rehab Act to clarify the time frame in which victims of discrimination may challenge and recover for discriminatory compensation decisions or other discriminatory practices affecting compensation.
Requires certain government contractors to engage in affirmative action and to not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex.
Requires affirmative action and prohibits employment discrimination by Federal government contractors and subcontractors with contracts of more than $10,000.
No qualified individual with a disability in the United States shall be excluded from, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency or the United States Postal Service. [learn more]
States that employers with government contracts must take affirmative action to employ and advance disabled and Vietnam-era veterans.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 & Civil Rights Act of 1871 - CRA - 42 U.S. Code 21 §§1981, 1981A, 1983, & 1988
All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, penalties, taxes, licenses, and exactions of every kind, and to no other. (Timeline 1866,1870,1871)
An act to prohibit discrimination on the basis of genetic information with respect to health insurance and employment. Under Title II of GINA, it is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information.
Prohibits discrimination in employment, education, housing, public accommodation or public service based on religion, race, color, national origin, age, sex, marital status, height, weight, arrest record, or handicap. Persons denied equal opportunity based on these conditions may file a complaint with the Michigan Civil Rights Commission.
Provides criminal law protections from individuals who threaten or actually cause
physical contact or damage to persons or property because of race, color, religion,
gender, or national origin.
For more information contact Institutional Equity at 487-3310 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Higher Education Compliance Alliance
The HECA Compliance Matrix lists key federal laws and regulations governing colleges and universities.
Hate Crimes and Bias-Related Incidents
Members of our community should be free from what have recently been labeled as “hate crimes”. According to the United State Department of Justice, the first federal hate crimes statute was enacted in 1968. The statute made it a crime to use, or threaten to use, force to willfully interfere with any person because of race, color, religion, or national origin and because the person is participating in a federally protected activity, such as public education, employment, jury service, travel, or the enjoyment of public accommodations, or helping another person to do so. In 2006, new federal protections were added against crimes based on gender, disability, gender identity, or sexual orientation. Within the state of Michigan, a person is guilty of ethnic intimidation if that person maliciously threatens or physically contacts a person with intent to intimidate, harass, or damage the property of that person because of that person’s race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
The University encourages students, faculty, and staff to report hate crimes. In an emergency, dial 911. If you believe you have experienced a hate crime, you may report it directly to Public Safety and Police Services at 906-487-2216.
Bias is a preconceived negative opinion or attitude about a group of people who possess common physical characteristics or cultural experiences. Often, bias-related incidents are broadly or generally directed to an individual or group of individuals or include an action that, while disturbing, is not criminal or a University policy violation, and also could be protected under the first amendment. If you believe a bias-related incident has occurred, assistance is available on campus to help develop appropriate ways to engage in dialogue to repair perceived harm. The University provides additional information on the First Amendment Rights.