Sexual Assault / Harassment
What is Sexual Harassment?
Sexual harassment is unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and/or verbal or physical conduct that is sufficiently severe, pervasive or objectively and subjectively offensive so as to substantially or effectively interfere with an individual’s employment, education or ability to participate in or receive the benefits, services or opportunities of the University, and is based on power differentials (quid pro quo) where submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of instruction, employment, or participation in any University activity. The creation of a hostile environment, and/ or retaliation as defined above are also within the definition of sexual harassment.
What is Sexual Violence?
Sexual violence refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving effective consent. A number of different acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, nonconsensual sexual contact, nonconsensual sexual intercourse, and/or sexual coercion. Sexual violence can be carried out by University employees, fellow students, students from other schools, or third parties. Sexual violence is a form of sexual harassment.
What is Dating/Relationship Violence?
Dating or relationship violence is a pattern of assaultive and controlling behaviors that one person uses against another in order to gain or maintain power and control in the relationship. The abusive and controlling behavior(s) intentionally cause fear, degradation and humiliation. Dating violence is committed by a person; (A) Who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and (B) Where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: (i) The length of the relationship. (ii) The type of relationship. (iii) The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
What is Domestic violence?
Domestic violence is violence that includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of Michigan, or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of Michigan.
What is Stalking?
Stalking refers to engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to: (A) Fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or (B) Suffer substantial emotional distress.
What is Gender Discrimination?
Discrimination and harassment is prohibited on the basis of a person’s sex or gender. Gender discrimination can occur when persons are excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, any University program or activity because of their sex or gender. The University’s policy prohibiting gender discrimination also prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth and parenting.
Help and Support
- Seek help immediately in the case of sexual violence
- File a formal report
- Consider confidential assistance
- Consider local and online resources
In order to make a proper report of sexual harassment, victims must file notice with the Title IX coordinator.