Medical doctors diagnose and treat patients for injuries and illness. They work with patients on preventative health measures. They examine patients, obtain medical histories, prescribe medications, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. Surgeons are doctors who perform operations to treat injuries, diseases, and deformities.
"My Michigan Tech education prepared me well for the practice of medicine. Rote memorization of fact will only get you so far, but the critical thinking skills built into the MTU curriculum, with its strong engineering background, fostered a problem-solving ability that I continue to use every day in the treatment of patients."
Physicians and surgeons can choose from many different medical specialties. Some examples include family physician, psychiatrist, and cardiologist. Most physicians work full-time—often long, irregular, and overnight hours. They work in private offices or clinics or in group practices or hospitals.
Medical schools are highly competitive. Most applicants have a bachelor’s degree when applying. After four years of medical school, almost all medical school graduates enter into a residency program in their specialty of interest.
growth in employment
average annual salary for a specialty physician and 240K for a primary care physician
What's the Difference?
There are different types of degrees a doctor can earn and the application process may very depending on which type of school you apply to.
Doctor of Medicine/Allopathic Medicine (MD)
The branch of medicine in which doctors and other health care professionals treat symptoms and diseases using drugs, radiation, or surgery. Also called conventional medicine or Western medicine.
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO)
The branch of medicine in which doctors practice a whole-person approach and focus on looking beyond the symptoms to understand how lifestyle and environmental factors may impact a patient’s wellbeing.
Doctor of Naturopathic (ND)
The branch of medicine in which doctors practice prevention, treatment and optimal health through the use of alternative and therapeutic methods. Naturopathic doctors strive to find the cause of disease by understanding the body, mind, and spirit of the patient.
How to Apply
First, choose from the three different types of degrees a doctor can earn. Your decision dictates what schools you can apply to. The application process also varies.
Although you can select any undergraduate major, most medical schools require that you take required classes, or prerequisites, in order to apply. The required courses are different depending on the school.
Students are encouraged to use these resources to check on admissions requirements for specific medical schools. But you also should check directly with the school.
- MD Programs: Medical School Admissions Requirements (MSAR)
- DO Programs: Osteopathic Medical College Information Book
- ND Programs: AANMC Academic Prerequisites
Here is a guide of recommended courses to take in preparation for medical school. This is not an exhaustive list. You are responsible to check with the schools you wish to apply for specific requirements.
Students who wish to apply to Medical School must take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). MCAT scores range from 472-528. While the average score is 500, accepted medical students average around 508. Students must score high on the MCAT in order to be a competitive applicant. The MCAT is offered from January and March through September. It is recommended that students spend on average of 300-350 hours studying to prepare for the MCAT. This should be over a course of several months.
- 2018 MCAT Dates
- MCAT Essentials Guide
- Tips for MCAT Examinees
- General MCAT FAQ’s
- When Should I Take the MCAT?
- What’s on the MCAT?
- AAMC Resources
- Khan Academy
- Kaplan Test Prep
The average overall GPA for students accepted into Medical School is a 3.7 for M.D., 3.5 for D.O., and 3.4 for N.D.. Students should aim for a high cumulative GPA as well as a high BCMP (Biology, Chemistry, Math and Physics) GPA.
In addition, most medical schools require a minimum of 3 letters of recommendation, a written personal statement or essay, and if selected, an in-person interview.
Also, while not a requirement, many medical schools expect that their applicants have had significant exposure to clinical medicine. This can be in the form of job shadowing, volunteering and/or employment. Medical schools also consider extracurricular activities such as non-clinical volunteering, research and leadership experiences.
Most medical schools go through a centralized application:
MSU College of Human Medicine has partnered with Michigan Tech to provide early assurance of medical school admission for our selected students! This program is for undergraduate students interested in becoming a physician in an underserved region or students interested in working with the underserved population.
Juniors and Seniors are open to apply. Preference for EAP admission will be given to Michigan Tech students who are the first generation in their families to attend college, or graduated from a low-income high school, are eligible for need-based grants, and to those who express interest in a high-need medical specialty area. Students will be selected for interviews in March and can be accepted as early as July.