Federal and State Nondiscrimination Laws and Regulations

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Nondiscrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex in all areas of employment.

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Nondiscrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Civil Rights Act of 1991
Amends the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to strengthen and improve Federal civil rights laws, to provide for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination, to clarify provisions regarding disparate impact actions, and for other purposes.

Equal Pay Act of 1963
Protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older from employment discrimination based on age.

Age Discrimination Act of 1975
Nondiscrimination on the basis of age in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.

Title I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Prohibits disability discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.

Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Prohibits disability discrimination by public entities, including public colleges and universities whether or not they receive Federal financial assistance..

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
Amends Title VII, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the ADA and the Rehab Act to clarify the time frame in which victims of discrimination may challenge and recover for discriminatory compensation decisions or other discriminatory practices affecting compensation.

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded programs.

Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Requires affirmative action and prohibits employment discrimination by Federal government contractors and subcontractors with contracts of more than $10,000.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
No qualified individual with a disability in the United States shall be excluded from, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency or the United States Postal Service.

Executive Order 11246 
Requires certain government contractors to engage in affirmative action and to not discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex.

Section 402 of the Vietnam-Era Veterans' Readjustment Act of 1974
States that employers with government contracts must take affirmative action to employ and advance disabled and Vietnam-era veterans.

Civil Rights Act of 1866 & Civil Rights Act of 1871 - CRA - 42 U.S. Code 21 §§1981, 1981A, 1983, & 1988
All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, penalties, taxes, licenses, and exactions of every kind, and to no other. (Timeline 1866,1870,1871)

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)
An act to prohibit discrimination on the basis of genetic information with respect to health insurance and employment. Under Title II of GINA, it is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information.

State Laws

Elliot-Larson Civil Rights Act of 1976 
Prohibits discrimination in employment, education, housing, public accommodation or public service based on religion, race, color, national origin, age, sex, marital status, height, weight, arrest record, or handicap. Persons denied equal opportunity based on these conditions may file a complaint with the Michigan Civil Rights Commission.

Michigan Ethnic Intimidation Act of 1988
Provides criminal law protections from individuals who threaten or actually cause physical contact or damage to persons or property because of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.

For more information contact the Institutional Equity Office at 487-3310 or email jhodges@mtu.edu